Ottoman Campaigns in the First World War

Edward J. Erickson
Content Type
Journal Article
Journal of Military and Strategic Studies
Issue Number
Publication Date
February 2021
Centre for Military, Security and Strategic Studies
Unlike the British or the Americans, the Turks do not officially designate or name military campaigns in their official histories. This article presents the author’s appraisal of which operations might be considered as the Ottoman army’s campaigns in the First World War. The Ottomans fought a large number of operations and battles in the war but an analysis of these in terms of defining them at the operational level is absent from the extant historiography. The article also presents an appraisal of the various offensive and defensive campaigns that the Ottoman army conducted in the First World War as well as identifying a new vocabulary that distinguishes the army’s deliberate campaigns from its campaigns of opportunity and expediency.
Military Strategy, Military Affairs, Conflict, World War I
Political Geography
Europe, Asia, Ottoman Empire