South Korea: Basic data

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Summary, Basic Data, Economy, Background
Political Geography
South Korea

Land area

99,678 sq km

Population

51.3m (2020; UN)

Main towns

Population in '000 (2017; UN)

Seoul (capital): 9,776

Busan: 3,429

Incheon: 2,923

Daegu: 2,465

Daejeon: 1,531

Gwangju: 1,501

Climate

Continental, with extremes of temperature

Weather in Seoul (altitude 87 metres): Hottest month, August, 26.5°C; coldest month, January, minus 0.4°C; driest month, January, 10.8 mm average rainfall; wettest month, July, 274.1 mm average rainfall

Language

Korean

Measures

Metric system. Some local measures are:

1 pyong = 3.3058 sq metre

1 chungbo = 0.992 ha

1 suk = 100 dai = 180.39 litres

1 kwan = 1,000 don = 3.75 kg

Currency

Won (W). Average exchange rate in 2020: W1,180:US$1

Time

9 hours ahead of GMT

Public holidays

January 1st (New Year's Day); February 11th-13th (Lunar New Year); March 1st (Independence Movement Day); May 5th (Children's Day); May 19th (Buddha's birthday); June 6th (Memorial Day); August 15th (Liberation Day); September 20th-22nd (Chuseok holidays); October 3rd (National Foundation Day); October 9th (Hangeul Day); December 25th (Christmas Day)


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