Extending Constitutional Rights to Pakistan’s Tribal Areas

Umar Mahmood Khan, Rana Hamza Ijaz, Sevim Saadat
Content Type
Special Report
United States Institute of Peace
When Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas were officially merged into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in May 2018, the five million residents of the former tribal areas acquired the same constitutional rights and protections—including access to a formal judicial system—as Pakistan’s other citizens. This report, based on field research carried out by the authors, explores the status of the formal justice system’s expansion, finding both positive trends and severe administrative and capacity challenges, and offers recommendations to address these issues.
Security, Rule of Law, Justice, Tribes
Political Geography
Pakistan, South Asia