North Korea in Africa: Historical Solidarity, China’s Role, and Sanctions Evasion

Benjamin R. Young
Content Type
Special Report
United States Institute of Peace
North Korea serves as a mutually beneficial partner for many African governments. Although these ties are often viewed solely through the lens of economic and security interests, this report shows Pyongyang's deep historical connections and ideological linkages with several of the continent’s nations. North Korea–Africa relations are also bolstered by China, which has been complicit in North Korea’s arms and ivory trade, activities providing funds that likely support the Kim regime’s nuclear ambitions and allow it to withstand international sanctions.
History, Governance, Sanctions, Democracy, Solidarity
Political Geography
Africa, China, Asia, North Korea