Europe’s Missile Defence and Italy: Capabilities and Cooperation

Author
Alessandro Marrone, Karolina Muti
Content Type
Working Paper
Institution
Istituto Affari Internazionali
Abstract
Europe’s missile defence is structurally linked to NATO deterrence and defence architecture, and it has to face both a worsened international security environment and an accelerating, worldwide technological innovation. Russia and China are heavily investing in new hypersonic systems which dramatically decrease the time needed to reach the target by flying mostly within the atmosphere. The US remains a global leader in the development and deployment of missile defence capabilities, including the Aegis systems which represent the cornerstone of NATO integrate air and missile defence covering the Old Continent. European countries are increasingly collaborating within the EU framework on the related capability development, primarily via the TWISTER project under the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PeSCo). Being exposed to missile threats from Middle East and North Africa and participating to allied nuclear sharing, Italy has a primary interest in upgrading its military capabilities through PeSCo, maintaining them fully integrated within NATO, and involving the national defence industry in cutting-edge procurement programmes.
Topic
Defense Policy, NATO, Science and Technology, European Union
Political Geography
United Kingdom, Europe, Turkey, France, Poland, Germany, Italy, North America, United States of America