Subsidy Reforms in the Middle East and North Africa: Strategic Options and Their Consequences for the Social Contract

Georgeta Vidican Auktor, Markus Loewe
Content Type
Working Paper
German Development Institute (DIE)
Budgetary constraints forced Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia to reduce energy and food subsidy after 2010 but they applied different strategies, thereby transforming their existing, quite akin social contracts into different new ones delivering more protection, provision or participation for citizens.
Reform, Social Contract, Participation, Subsidies
Political Geography
Middle East, North Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia