The Escalation of Conflict Between Armenians and Azerbaijanis and the Problems of Peaceful Resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh War

Valeri Modebadze
Content Type
Journal Article
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs
Issue Number
Publication Date
January 2021
Institute for Research and European Studies (IRES)
This article explains why it is so difficult to achieve peace in Nagorno-Karabakh and what factors prevent the peaceful resolution of the conflict. This conflict is very difficult to resolve because the conflicting parties have contradictory geopolitical interests and cannot achieve consensus during negotiations. We have to take into account Russia’s geopolitical interests in South Caucasus that Kremlin is interested in freezing this conflict to weaken both states, Azerbaijan and Armenia, and bring them back to Russia’s orbit. Moscow aims to establish firm control over South Caucasus which was viewed in the past as a ‘Russian backyard’. Russia still views South Caucasus as its zone of influence and tries to bring this region back into Russia’s orbit.
Territorial Disputes, Conflict, Negotiation, Peace
Political Geography
Eurasia, Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh