Sri Lanka: Basic data

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Summary, Basic Data, Economy, Background
Political Geography
Sri Lanka

Land area

65,610 sq km

Population

21.8m (2019; Central Bank of Sri Lanka)

Main towns

Population in '000 (2016; Department of Census and Statistics estimates)

Colombo (capital): 2,395

Gampaha: 2,372

Kurunegala: 1,676

Kandy: 1,434

Kalutara: 1,261

Ratnapura: 1,140

Climate

Tropical

Weather in Colombo

Hottest month, May, 26-31°C (average daily minimum and maximum); coldest month, December, 22-29°C; driest month, February, 69 mm average rainfall; wettest month, May, 371 mm average rainfall

Languages

Sinhalese, Tamil, English

Measures

The metric system is now predominant

Currency

Sri Lanka rupee (SLRs); SLRs1 = 100 cents. Average exchange rate in 2019: SLRs178.7:US$1

Time

5 hours 30 minutes ahead of GMT

Fiscal year

January-December

Public holidays

January 14th (Tamil Thai Pongal Day); January 28th (Duruthu Poya Day); February 4th (National Day); February 26th (Navam Poya Day); March 11th (Mahasivarathri Day); March 28th (Madin Poya Day); April 2nd (Good Friday/Bak Poya Day); April 13th-14th (Sinhalese and Tamil New Year); May 1st (May Day); May 13th (Eid al-Fitr); May 26th (Vesak Poya celebration); June 24th (Poson Poya Day); July 20th (Eid al-Adha); July 23rd (Adhi Esala Poya Day); August 22nd (Nikini Poya Day); September 20th (Binara Poya Day); October 19th (Milad-Un-Nabi); October 20th (Vap Poya Day); November 4th (Deepawali); November 18th (Il Poya Day); December 18th (Unduvap Poya Day); December 25th (Christmas Day);


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