Building a State without the Nation? «Peace-through-Statebuilding» in Southern Sudan, 2005-2011

Author
Aleksi Ylönen
Content Type
Journal Article
Journal
Revista UNISCI/UNISCI Journal
Volume
33
Publication Date
October 2013
Institution
Unidad de investigación sobre seguridad y cooperación (UNISCI)
Abstract
In January 2005 the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) brought Africa’s longest-running war in Southern Sudan to its formal end. Essentially a two-party power-sharing treaty between the Government of Sudan and the largest rebel organization in Southern Sudan, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), the CPA, which provided a roadmap for peace between the main warring parties and facilitated the secession of Southern Sudan in July 2011, faced a number of challenges due to being imposed over a complex landscape of local political actors. This article analyzes the external intervention during the CPA implementation in Southern Sudan in 2005-2011. It treats state-building and nation-building as separate in order to demonstrate the limits of the current intervention aimed at building a legitimate and authoritative state. The article argues that the external intervention in Southern Sudan, characterized by “peace-through-state-building” approach, was unable to ensure peace during the period examined due to its lack of focus on nation building.
Topic
Treaties and Agreements, Conflict, Peace, State Building
Political Geography
Africa, South Sudan