Building a State without the Nation? «Peace-through-Statebuilding» in Southern Sudan, 2005-2011

Aleksi Ylönen
Content Type
Journal Article
Revista UNISCI/UNISCI Journal
Publication Date
October 2013
Unidad de investigación sobre seguridad y cooperación (UNISCI)
In January 2005 the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) brought Africa’s longest-running war in Southern Sudan to its formal end. Essentially a two-party power-sharing treaty between the Government of Sudan and the largest rebel organization in Southern Sudan, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), the CPA, which provided a roadmap for peace between the main warring parties and facilitated the secession of Southern Sudan in July 2011, faced a number of challenges due to being imposed over a complex landscape of local political actors. This article analyzes the external intervention during the CPA implementation in Southern Sudan in 2005-2011. It treats state-building and nation-building as separate in order to demonstrate the limits of the current intervention aimed at building a legitimate and authoritative state. The article argues that the external intervention in Southern Sudan, characterized by “peace-through-state-building” approach, was unable to ensure peace during the period examined due to its lack of focus on nation building.
Treaties and Agreements, Conflict, Peace, State Building
Political Geography
Africa, South Sudan