Compliance in “exceptional” trade disputes: a set-theoretical approach

Author
Rodrigo Fagundes Cezar
Content Type
Journal Article
Journal
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional (RBPI)
Volume
63
Issue Number
1
Publication Date
Institution
Brazilian Center for International Relations (CEBRI)
Abstract
This article uses the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) method to examine the combinations of conditions that explain the length of World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes that invoke General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs’ (GATT) General Exceptions (Article XX). Using the Brazil-EC controversy over retreaded tires as an example, the work underscores the importance of the mobilization of civil society organizations such as NGOs and think tanks in association with power asymmetry and/or veto players. The article contributes to understanding the causal complexity and empirical heterogeneity of “exceptional” disputes (disputes in which a party invokes GATT’s General Exceptions).
Topic
Civil Society, World Trade Organization, Domestic politics, Trade Wars, Compliance
Political Geography
Global Focus