Renewed Escalation: Why Does Al-Shabab Attack Kenya?

Content Type
Commentary and Analysis
Institution
Future for Advanced Research and Studies (FARAS)
Abstract
The Somali-based al-Shabab al-Mujahideen movement has stepped up its terrorist attacks on neighboring countries, chiefly Kenya. Such attacks have receded over the past three years, amid the movement’s focus on targeting police and military forces in Somalia. However, the recent terrorist operation launched by the movement’s affiliates in the capital, Nairobi, on January 15, 2018, which hit the Dusit-D2 complex, housing a hotel and offices, killing around 15 people and injuring a similar number, raises numerous questions about the motives behind targeting Kenya again. This comes at the time when numerous analysts suggest that the movement will more likely intensify internal assaults on the Somali security and military institutions with the aim of consolidating its influence and curtailing the activity of rival groups.
Topic
Security, Terrorism, Violent Extremism, Al Shabaab
Political Geography
Kenya, Somalia, Africa