The EU’s Addiction to False Dilemmas in the Mediterranean

Haizam Amirah-Fernandez
Content Type
Commentary and Analysis
Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI)
There is something deeply and comprehensively flawed in the EU’s relations with its Mediterranean neighbourhood. After more than 50 years of European cooperation, agreements, declarations and plans with the southern Mediterranean and the Arab countries, only one new democratic state (Tunisia) has emerged. A benevolent observer would say this democratisation process was not initiated as a result of the EU’s resolute support for a population demanding freedom from an authoritarian regime. A blunter observer, however, would argue that Tunisians managed to topple their former autocrat despite the support he received from certain European quarters until the very last minute. So much for decades of European pro-democracy rhetoric.
International Relations, Democratization, European Union, Crisis Management, Trade
Political Geography
Europe, Mediterranean