Geopolitical Competition in the Indo-Pacific: The Mekong Region

Author
Fabio Figiaconi
Content Type
Commentary and Analysis
Institution
Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI)
Abstract
In the last decade, the Mekong Region (MR) — that is, the area crossed by the Mekong River and encompassing Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam — has become central to the strategies of major global powers due to a series of economic and geopolitical factors. The most prominent are the region’s growing importance in global trade routes, its geographical proximity to major hotspots (such as the South China Sea and the Malacca Strait) and China’s growing regional activism. The growing importance of the MR in global dynamics spurred several actors to develop specific strategies. While liberal democracies such as the United States (US) and Japan both created regional fora for policy discussions as well as development funds, China increased its presence by offering loans, constructing infrastructures and creating a specific regional institution. Due to the mounting competition, the MR is set to become a major geopolitical hotspot in the Indo-Pacific region.
Topic
Economics, Geopolitics, Strategic Competition
Political Geography
Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Indo-Pacific