Unpacking the 2030 Agenda as a Framework for Policymaking

Gonzalo Alcalde
Content Type
Working Paper
Postgraduate Program on Sustainable Development and Social Inequalities in the Andean Region (trAndeS)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is more than a set of goals and targets: it is a comprehensive “plan of action” that countries are translating into relevant policies. While this plan recognizes a need for different national paths towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it also provides guidance for policymaking, establishing means of implementation and follow-up and review mechanisms that are indivisible from the SDGs. Moreover, analyzing the 2030 Agenda as a framework for policymaking reveals general principles that are both explicit and implicit in the UN’s Transforming Our World document. After examining previous relevant UN and OECD frameworks; official 2030 Agenda documents; current international literature on the SDGs, and consulting key 2030 Agenda stakeholders in Peru, this paper identifies eight general principles for sustainable development policymaking in 2030 Agenda implementation that are relevant to all SDGs and sectors, and suggests areas for further research.
Development, United Nations, Sustainable Development Goals, Economic Development , Sustainability, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Political Geography
Latin America, Peru, Global Focus