From coup to constitution: The impact of Turkey’s attempted coup on the constitutional referendum – a series on Turkish constitutionalism, part 2

Author
Mason Hill
Content Type
Journal Article
Journal
Harvard Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy
Volume
7
Issue Number
0
Publication Date
2018
Institution
The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University
Abstract
This is the second in a three part series on Turkish constitutionalism one year after the 2017 constitutional referendum. At Erdoğan’s election in 2002, he appeared to be the latest in a line of populists elected to office. Initially, his success seemed the result of an ability as an Islamist to appease the concerns of the secular establishment. This was bolstered by his stated commitment to Turkey’s accession to the European Union. While in the 1990s Islamist reformers failed to pass institutional reforms aimed at decreasing military control of Turkish politics, the military allowed Erdoğan the space to pursue institutional reform that would enhance Turkey’s chances of becoming a member of the European Union. This attempt by the Justice and Development Party (AKP) to reimagine Turkish democracy for the 21st century took the form of a general push for constitutional reform.
Topic
Politics, Governance, Law, Elections, Constitution, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Coup
Political Geography
Turkey, Middle East