INSTC vs. BRI: The India-China Competition Over the Port of Chabahar and Infrastructure in Asia

Syed Fazl-e Haider
Content Type
Journal Article
China Brief
Issue Number
Publication Date
Winter 2019
The Jamestown Foundation
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), the central component of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in South Asia, has been a source of significant attention and controversy (China Brief, January 12, 2018; China Brief, February 15). Parts of South Asia, the Middle East, Central Asia, and Europe, however, are also host to another ambitious infrastructure program: the “International North-South Transport Corridor” (INSTC), a transportation development plan first established in 2000 by Iran, Russia and India. The INSTC envisions a network to connect Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf ports and rail centers to the Caspian Sea, and then onwards through the Russian Federation to St. Petersburg and northern Europe.
Development, International Trade and Finance, Infrastructure, Economy
Political Geography
Russia, China, Iran, Middle East, India, Asia