Comoros: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Comoros

Official name

The Comorian Union

Form of state

Federal Islamic republic

Legal system

Based on the Napoleonic code and sharia (Islamic law), a new constitution was approved by referendum in July 2018

National legislature

Each of the three islands-Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli-has its own parliament, with different numbers of seats, which are elected directly; the Union has a National Assembly with 33 members: 24 members of parliament are elected by direct universal suffrage and nine are appointed by the three islands

Head of state

President

National government

Colonel Azali Assoumani won the March 2019 snap presidential election with 59.1% of the vote. Colonel Assoumani hails from Grande Comore. His appointment therefore satisfies the 2000 Fomboni Accord, under which the presidency rotates between Comoros's three islands

National elections

The latest presidential election was held on March 24th 2019. The parliamentary elections held in January and February 2020 led to an absolute majority for the Convention pour le renouveau des Comores (CRC), the president's party. The next presidential and parliamentary elections are scheduled for 2024 and 2025 respectively.

Main political parties

Comoros has a weak party structure; the political landscape consists of a large number of parties, mainly based on personal loyalties. Following an election boycott by the main opposition parties-the Union pour le développement des Comores (UPDC) and the Parti Juwa (PJ)-the CRC now has an absolute majority in parliament and holds 20 of the 24 elected seats in the legislative assembly. The remaining seats are held by the Orange party, which has two seats, and independents

Union government

President: Azali Assoumani

Key ministers

Economy, investments & economic integration: Houmed M'Saidie

Finance & budget: Saïd Ali Saïd Chayhane

Foreign affairs & international co-operation: Dhoihir Dhoulkamal

Health, solidarity, social protection & gender promotion: Loub Yacout Zaidou

Interior, information & decentralisation: Mohamed Daoudou

Justice, Islamic affairs, public administration & human rights: Mohamed Housseini Djamalilail

Maritime & air transport: Bianrifi Tharmidhi

National education, higher education & scientific research: Moindjie Mohamed Moussa

Posts, telecommunications & ICT: Ahmed Ben Saïd Jaffar

Youth, employment, sports, arts & culture: Nourdine Ben Ahmed

Governors of the islands

Anjouan (Nzwani): Anissi Chamsidine

Grande Comore (Ngazidja): Mhoudine Sitti Farouata

Mohéli (Mwali): Mohamed Saïd Fazul

Central bank governor

Younoussa ben Imani

Data provided by: