South Korea: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
South Korea

Official name

Republic of Korea

Form of state

Presidential system; the president and the National Assembly (parliament) are directly elected; members of parliament are elected using a mixed system of first past the post and proportional representation

The executive

The president (elected for a single term of five years) appoints the State Council (the cabinet), which comprises the president, the prime minister and 15-30 ministers. Cabinet ministers are not normally members of the National Assembly

Head of state

Elected president

Legislature

Unicameral Kuk Hoe (National Assembly) elected for a four-year term. The current assembly, which was elected in April 2020, has 300 seats. Most of the assembly's seats are filled by election from geographical constituencies, with the remainder distributed among the various parties in proportion to their shares of the national vote

National elections

The next parliamentary and presidential polls will be held in April 2024 and May 2022 respectively. The last parliamentary and presidential elections were held in April 2020 and May 2017 respectively

National government

The government is led by the president, Moon Jae-in, who was elected in May 2017 for a single five-year term. He succeeded Park Geun-hye, who was impeached in March 2017 following a corruption scandal

Main political organisations

Minjoo Party, People Power Party, Party for People's Livelihoods, Justice Party

Main members of the State Council

President: Moon Jae-in

Prime minister: Chung Sye-kyun

Deputy prime minister: Hong Nam-ki; Yoo Eun-hae

Key ministers

Defence: Jeong Kyeong-doo

Economy & finance: Hong Nam-ki

Education: Yoo Eun-hae

Employment & labour: Lee Jae-kap

Environment: Cho Myung-rae

Foreign affairs: Kang Kyung-wha

Gender equality & family: Chung Yong-ay

Health & welfare: Kwon Deok-cheol

Interior: Jeon Hae-cheol

Justice: Park Beom-kye

Land, infrastructure & transport: Byeon Chang-heum

Trade, industry & energy: Sung Yun-mo

Unification: Lee In-young

Central bank governor

Lee Ju-yeol

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