Oman: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Oman

Official name

Sultanate of Oman

Form of state

Monarchy

Legislature

There is no national legislature, but the Council of Oman debates policy and was given some legislative powers in October 2011. It comprises the 85-member Majlis al-Shura (Consultative Council, the lower house) and the Majlis al-Dawla (State Council, the upper house), whose members were appointed in November 2007

Elections

The Majlis al-Shura was elected by universal suffrage in October 2019

Head of state

Haitham bin Tariq al-Said. He succeeded Qaboos bin Said al-Said, who died on January 10th 2020 after ruling since July 1970

Executive

The sultan rules by decree, assisted by the Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Main political parties

Political parties are not permitted

The government

Prime minister, minister of defence, finance & foreign affairs: Haitham bin Tariq al-Said

Deputy prime minister for cabinet affairs: Fahd bin Mahmoud al-Said

Deputy prime minister for defence affairs: Sayyid Shihab bin Tariq bin Taimur al-Said

Key ministers

Agriculture & fisheries: Saud bin Hamoud bin Ahmed al-Habsi

Awqaf & religious affairs: Abdullah bin Mohammed al-Salimi

Culture, sports & youth: Theyazin bin Haitham bin Tariq al-Saud

Defence affairs: Badr bin Saud al-Busaidi

Diwan of the Royal Court: Khalid bin Hilal al-Busaidi

Education: Madiha bint Ahmed al-Shibaniyah

Economy: Saeed bin Muhammad al-Saqri

Energy & minerals: Mohammed bin Hamad al-Rumhi

Finance: Sultan bin Salem al-Habsi

Foreign affairs: Badr bin Hamad bin Hamoud al-Busaidi

Health: Ahmed bin Mohammed al-Saidi

Heritage & tourism: Salem bin Muhammad al-Mahrouq

Higher education: Rahma al-Mahrouqi

Housing & urban planning: Khalfan al-Shuaili

Information: Abdullah bin Nasser al-Harrasi

Interior: Hamoud bin Faisal al-Busaidi

Justice & legal affairs: Abdullah bin Mohammed al-Saidi

Labour: Mahad bin Saeed Baouin

Trade, industry & investment promotion: Qais al-Youssef

Transport, communications & information technology: Saeed bin Hamoud al-Maawali

Central bank executive president

Tahir bin Salim bin Abdullah al-Amri

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