Trinidad and Tobago: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Trinidad and Tobago

Official name

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Form of government

Unitary state, with some degree of regional autonomy for Tobago

The executive

The prime minister appoints a cabinet, which is responsible to parliament

Head of state

President elected by all members of parliament, currently Paula-Mae Weekes

National legislature

Bicameral parliament: 41-member directly elected House of Representatives (the lower house); 31-member Senate (the upper house) comprising members nominated by the prime minister, the leader of the opposition and the president, and appointed by the president; parliament sits for five years

Regional legislature

The Tobago House of Assembly has certain powers over the island's finances, and other delegated policy, planning and administrative responsibilities; it comprises 12 elected members; six are appointed by the majority party and one by the minority party

Legal system

A full system of regional and appellate courts, with the appeals court at the apex of domestic courts; final appellate power rests with the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in the UK

National elections

The last general election took place on August 19th 2020. The next general election will be held by December 2025

Main political organisations

Government: People's National Movement (PNM)

Opposition: People's Partnership (PP) coalition, consisting of the United National Congress (UNC), Tobago Organisation of the People (TOP), Congress of the People (COP), National Joint Action Committee (NJAC) and the Movement for Social Justice (MSJ)

Key ministers

Prime minister: Keith Rowley

Agriculture, land & fisheries: Clarence Rambharat

Attorney-general & legal affairs: Faris Al-Rawi

Community development & culture: Nyan Gadsby-Dolly

Education: Anthony Garcia

Energy & energy industries: Franklin Khan

Finance: Colm Imbert

Foreign & Caricom affairs: Dennis Moses

Health: Terrence Deyalsingh

Housing & urban development: Edmund Dillon

Labour: Jennifer Baptiste-Primus

National security & communications: Stuart Young

Planning & development: Camille Robinson-Regis

Public administration: Allyson West

Public utilities: Fitzgerald Hinds

Rural development & local government: Kazim Hosein

Social development & family services: Cherrie-Ann Crichlow-Cockburn

Sports and youth affairs: Shamfa Cudjoe

Tourism: Randall Mitchell

Trade & industry: Paula Gopee-Scoon

Works & transport: Rohan Sinanan

Central bank governor

Alvin Hilaire

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