Burundi: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Burundi

Official name

République du Burundi

Form of state

Unitary republic

Legal system

Based on Belgian law; a new constitution was adopted in 2018

National legislature

National Assembly elected in May 2020, with 123 members; Senate (the upper chamber of parliament) elected by communal councillors in July 2020, with 39 members

National elections

The presidential and National Assembly elections were conducted in May 2020; the Senate elections were held in July 2020

Head of state

President elected in May 2020 by popular vote

National government

A new cabinet was unveiled in June 2020

Main political parties

Parties with parliamentary representation: Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie-Forces pour la défense de la démocratie (CNDD-FDD; 86 seats); the Congrès national pour la liberté (CNL; 32 seats); Union pour le progrès national (Uprona; two seats). Uprona is divided between a small "official" or "legal" branch, recognised by the government, and a mainstream, "legitimate" branch, which is not recognised by the government. All Uprona government members belong to the official branch. The Twa ethnic group is represented by three appointed members of parliament (MPs). No other party (including the Front pour la démocratie au Burundi, or Frodebu-Nyakuri) reached the 2% threshold to enter parliament. Other parties include the Front national de libération (FNL) and the Conseil des patriotes (CDP)

Key ministers

President: Evariste Ndayishimiye

Vice-president: Prosper Bazombanza

Prime minister: Alain Guillaume Bunyoni

Commerce, industry & tourism: Capitoline Niyonizigiye

Communication, information technology & media: Chantal Nijimbere

Defence & veterans' affairs: Alain Tribert Mutabazi

East African Community affairs: Ezekiel Nibigira

Education & scientific research: Gaspard Banyankimbona

Energy & mines: Ibrahim Uwizeye

Environment, agriculture & livestock: Déo-Guide Rurema

Finance, budget & privatisation: Domitien Ndihokubwayo

Foreign affairs & development co-operation: Albert Shingiro

Health & fight against AIDS: Thaddée Ndikumana

Human rights, national solidarity & gender: Imelde Sabushimike

Interior & patriotic education: Pascal Barandagiye

Justice: Jeanine Nibizi

Public service, labour & employment: Domine Banyankimbona

Central bank governor

Jean Ciza

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