Mongolia: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Mongolia

Official name

Mongolia

Form of state

Republic

The executive

The Mongolian People's Party (MPP) won a landslide victory in the general election of June 2020. The size of its majority, at 62 out of 76 seats, means that it does not have to govern in coalition

Head of state

The president, Khaltmaagiin Battulga, of the Democratic Party (DP)

National legislature

A single-chamber parliament, the State Great Khural, which has 76 members

National elections

The most recent parliamentary and presidential elections were held in June 2020 and June-July 2017, respectively. The next polls are due in June 2024 (parliamentary) and June 2021 (presidential)

Main political organisations

The MPP and the DP are the country's two largest parties, with 62 and 11 seats, respectively, in the State Great Khural. The MPP was formerly known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP), but changed its name in 2010. The current MPRP, which has one seat, was formed in 2011 by a faction that split from the MPP. There is also one independent legislator in parliament

Key ministers

Prime minister: Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene

Deputy prime minister: S Amarsaikhan

Head of the cabinet secretariat: Ts.Nyamdorj

Construction & urban development: B Munkhbaatar

Defence: Gursed Saikhanbayar

Education & science: L Enkh-Amgalan

Energy: N Tavinbekh

Environment & tourism: N Urtnasan

Finance: B Javkhlan

Food, agriculture & light industry: Z Mendsaikhan

Foreign affairs: B Battsetseg

Health: S Enkhbold

Justice & internal affairs: Kh Nyambaatar

Labour & social welfare: A Ariunzaya

Mining & heavy industry: G Yondon

Roads & transport: L Khaltar

Central bank governor

Lkhagvasuren Byadran

Chairman of the State Great Khural

Gombojav Zandanshatar

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