Mauritius: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Mauritius

Official name

Republic of Mauritius

Form of state

Republic within the Commonwealth

Legal system

Based on English common law, the Napoleonic Code and the 1968 constitution

National legislature

National Assembly; 62 members elected by universal suffrage every five years, in 20 three-member constituencies on the island of Mauritius and one two-member constituency on Rodrigues, plus up to eight "best losers" (current parliament has seven)

Elections

The last general election was held in November 2019; the next is due in December 2024

Head of state

President, elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly; Prithvirajsing Roopun was elected president in December 2019

National government

Council of Ministers appointed and headed by the prime minister; prime minister was reappointed along with a new cabinet following the November 2019 legislative election

Main political parties

The ruling Alliance Morisien has 42 parliamentary seats and comprises the Mouvement socialiste militant (37 seats), the Muvman Liberater (two seats), the Alan Ganoo Movement (two seats) and the Plateforme Militante (one seat). The opposition Alliance Nationale has 17 seats and consists of the Parti mauricien social démocrate (four seats) and the Labour party (13 seats). Other parties include the Mouvement militant mauricien (nine seats), the Organisation du peuple rodriguais (two seats) and Rezistans ek Alternativ

Key ministers

Prime minister, home affairs & external communications, defence & minister for Rodrigues: Pravind Jugnauth

Deputy prime minister, housing and land, tourism: Louis Steeven Obeegadoo

Vice-prime minister, education & human resources, tertiary education & scientific research: Leela Devi Dookun-Luchoomun

Attorney-general & minister for Agro-industry & food security: Maneesh Gobin

Business, enterprise & co-operatives: Soomilduth Bholah

Commerce & consumer protection: Vacant

Finance, Economic Planning and Development: Renganaden Padayachy

Foreign affairs, regional integration & international trade: Vacant

Health & wellness: Kailesh Kumar Singh Jagutpal

Labour, human resources, development & training: Soodesh Satkam Callichurn

Ocean economy, marine resources, fisheries & shipping: Sudheer Maudhoo

Public service & administrative reforms: Teerthuraj Hurdoyal

Governor of the Bank of Mauritius

Harvesh Kumar Seegolam

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