Botswana: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Botswana

Official name

Republic of Botswana

Form of state

Unitary republic

Legal system

Roman-Dutch law; cases in rural areas are heard by customary courts

National legislature

National Assembly consisting of 57 members elected by universal suffrage, the president, the attorney-general and four members nominated by the president; a 15-member House of Chiefs advises on tribal matters

National elections

October 2019 (legislative); next legislative election due in October 2024

Head of state

President, chosen by the National Assembly

National government

The president, his appointed vice-president and cabinet

Main political parties

Botswana Democratic Party (BDP; the ruling party); Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC, the main opposition coalition, comprising the Botswana National Front (BNF), the Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) and the Botswana People's Party (BPP); other opposition parties include the Botswana Congress Party (BCP) and the Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF)

Key ministers

President: Mokgweetsi Masisi

Vice-president: Slumber Tsogwane

Agriculture: Dr Edwin Dikoloti

Environment, wildlife & tourism: Phildah Kereng

Finance & development planning: Dr Thapelo Matsheka

Foreign affairs & international co-operation: Unity Dow

Health: Lemogang Kwape

Infrastructure & housing development: Mmusi Kgafela

Investment, trade & industry: Peggy Serame

Justice, defence & security: Kagiso Mmusi

Labour & employment: Mpho Balopi

Land management, water & sanitation: Kefentse Mzwinila

Local government: Eric Molale

Minerals resources & energy: Lefoko Moagi

Presidential affairs & public administration: Kabo Morwaeng

Primary education & skills development: Fidelia Molao

Transport & communications: Thulagano Segokgo

Youth, sports & culture: Tumiso Rakgare

Central bank governor

Moses Pelaelo

Data provided by: