Moldova: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Moldova

Official name

Republic of Moldova

Legal system

Moldova adopted a new constitution on July 28th 1994. The Transdniestr region has declared independence, which the central government has not recognised. The region inhabited by the Gagauz minority was granted special legal status in December 1994

National legislature

Parliament, a unicameral assembly with 101 members, 50 elected via proportional representation and 51 at the constituency level

National elections

February 24th 2019 (legislative). Elections are held every four years. The president was chosen by parliament from 2000 until 2012. Presidents began to be elected by direct popular vote in 2016 and an election was held over two rounds in November 2020

Head of state

Maia Sandu, the former leader of the Action and Solidarity Party (PAS), was elected president in November 2020 to a four-year term. She assumed office on December 24th

National government

Constitutional amendments introduced in July 2000 diminished the role of the presidency and increased the powers of the government and parliament. The general election in February 2019 resulted in a fragmented parliament with no single party obtaining a majority of seats. After a prolonged stalemate the pro-Russian Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) formed a coalition with the pro-EU electoral bloc "NOW" on June 8th. However, the government led by Maia Sandu fell in a vote of confidence on November 12th 2019 and two days later the PSRM and PDM formed a new government under Ion Chicu. The PDM left the coalition on November 9th 2020 and Mr Chicu and his entire cabinet resigned on December 23rd, with Mr Chicu leaving office on December 30th rather than serving in a caretaker capacity.

Main political parties

The main parties in parliament are: the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM), the Democratic Party (PDM), the Dignity and Truth Platform Party (PPDA); the Action and Solidarity Party (PAS); the Shor Party; and Pro Moldova

On December 30th Aurel Ciocoi was appointed as prime minister of the caretaker cabinet until a new government is formed

Council of ministers

Prime minister (acting);

Foreign affairs & European integration: Aurel Ciocoi (ind)

Deputy prime minister; Finance: Sergiu Puscuta (ind)

Deputy prime minister for reintegration: Olga Cebotari (ind)

Key ministers

Agriculture & regional development: Ion Perju (ind)

Defence: Victor Gaiciuc (ind)

Economy & infrastructure: Anatol Usatii (ind)

Education, culture & research: Lilia Pogolsa (ind)

Health, labour & social protection: Viorica Dumbraveanu (ind)

Internal affairs: Pavel Voicu (PSRM)

Justice: Fadei Nagacevshi (PSRM)

Central bank governor

Octavian Armasu

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