Lesotho: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Lesotho

Official name

Kingdom of Lesotho

Form of state

Constitutional monarchy

Legal system

Based on Roman-Dutch law

National legislature

Bicameral parliament; 80 members of the National Assembly (the lower house) are elected on a constituency basis according to the terms of the 1993 constitution, and 40 members are elected by proportional representation; the Senate (the upper house) consists of 33 non-elected members, 11 of whom are nominated by the king on the advice of the prime minister, plus the 22 principal chiefs of Lesotho

National elections

A snap election was held in June 2017, meaning that the next general election is scheduled for 2022

Head of state

Monarch; the succession is governed by custom; King Letsie III was sworn in on February 7th 1996 and crowned on October 31st 1997

National government

Prime minister and a 27-member cabinet appointed in June 2017; cabinet reshuffled in June 2020

Main political parties

Party-political organisations were legalised in May 1991. The All Basotho Convention (ABC) is in a coalition with the Democratic Congress (DC). In May the previous coalition of the ABC and the Alliance of Democrats (AD), the Basotho National Party (BNP) and the Reformed Congress of Lesotho (RCL) fell apart. The main opposition parties are the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) and the Movement for Economic Change (MEC). A total of 30 parties contested the 2017 election, and seven seats in parliament are occupied by smaller organisations

Key ministers

Prime minister: Moeketsi Majoro

Deputy prime minister, minister for parliamentary affairs: Mathibeli Mokhothu

Agriculture & food security: Tefo Mapesela

Communications, science & technology: Thelese Maseribane

Defence & national security: Prince Maliehe

Development planning: Selibe Mochoboroane

Education & training: Ntoi Rapapa

Employment & labour: Keketso Rants'o

Finance: Thabo Sofonea

Foreign affairs: Matsepo Ramakoae

Forestry: Mamotsie Motsie

Health: Motlatsi Maqelepo

Home affairs: Motlalentoa Letsosa

Mining: Serialong Qoo

Public service: Semano Sekatle

Public works & transport: Lebohang Monaheng

Tourism, arts & culture: Lekhetho Rakuoane

Central bank governor

Retselisitsoe Matlanyane

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