Mauritania: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Economist Intelligence Unit
No abstract is available.
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography

Official name

République islamique de Mauritanie

Form of state

Arab and African Islamic republic

Legal system

Based on the 1991 constitution, strongly influenced by sharia (Islamic law)

National legislature

The unicameral parliament consists of the National Assembly, with 147 seats

National elections

Municipal and National Assembly elections were held in September 2018; the presidential election was held in June 2019; the next presidential election is due in June 2024

Head of state

President; currently Mohamed Ould Cheikh Ahmed Ghazouani

National government

On June 22nd 2019 Mr Ghazouani was elected as president for a five-year term in office. Mohamed Ould Bilal was appointed as prime minister by Mr Ghazouani in August 2020 in a government reshuffle

Main political parties

The main political parties are Union pour la République (UPR); Parti républicain pour la démocratie et le renouveau (PRDR); Rassemblement des forces démocratiques (RFD); Union des forces du progrès (UFP); Alliance populaire progressiste (APP); Union pour la démocratie et le développement (UDP); Rassemblement pour la démocratie et l'unité (RDU); Parti mauritanien pour l'union et le changement (Hatem); Front populaire mauritanien (FPM); Pacte national pour la démocratie et le développement (PNDD); Union des forces démocratiques (UFD); Alliance pour la justice et la démocratie/Mouvement pour la rénovation (AJD/MR); Tawassoul Party; el-Wiam

Key ministers

Prime minister: Mohamed Ould Bilal

Culture & relations with parliament: Lemratt Ould Bennahi

Defence: Hanena Ould Sidi

Economics: Ousmane Mamadou Kane

Education & scientific research: Sidi Ould Salem

Energy, oil & mines: Abdessalam Mohamed Salah

Environment: & sustainable development: Marieme Bekaye.

Fisheries & maritime economy: Nani Ould Chrougha

Foreign affairs: Ismael Ould Cheikh Ahmed

Health: Mohamed Nedhirou Hamed

Housing: Khadija Cheikh Bouka.

Interior & decentralisation: Mohamed Salem Ould Merzoug

Islamic affairs: Dah Ould Sidi Ould Amar Taleb

Justice: Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi Ould Boyé

Trade & tourism: Naha Mint Hamdy Ould Mouknass

Transport: Mohamedou Ahmedou M'Haimid

Central bank governor

Cheikh El Kebir Moulay Taher

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