Timor-Leste: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Timor-Leste

Official name

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Head of state

The president (currently Francisco Guterres), whose role is largely ceremonial with some residual powers, is elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term

The executive

José Maria Vasconcelos (also known as Taur Matan Ruak; both names have official status), from the People's Liberation Party (PLP), was appointed prime minister in June 2018. In May 2020 Mr Vasconcelos built a new governing majority in parliament, which may allow him to govern until the next election is due

National legislature

Unicameral national parliament with 65 members

National elections

Mr Guterres won the presidential election in March 2017 and took office in May. A parliamentary election was held in May 2018. The next presidential and parliamentary elections are scheduled for 2022 and 2023 respectively

National government

In June 2018 Taur Matan Ruak was appointed prime minister. He led a three-party coalition of the Alliance for Change and Progress (Aliança de Mudança para o Progresso, or AMP), which was composed of the National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (Conselho Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor, or CNRT), the PLP and Khunto. The coalition collapsed in February 2020, when CNRT and Khunto withdrew their support. A new government under Mr Vasconcelos was formed in May 2020, with the support of the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente, or Fretilin), the PLP, the Democratic Party (Partido Democrático, or PD) and Khunto

Main political organisations

CNRT, Fretilin, PLP, PD and Khunto

Key ministers

Prime minister & minister of the interior: Taur Matan Ruak

Vice-prime minister for planning & territory: José Maria dos Reis

Vice-prime minister for social solidarity & inclusion: Armanda Berta dos Santos

Agriculture & fisheries: Pedro dos Reis

Defence: Filomeno da Paixão de Jesus

Economic affairs: Joaquim Amaral

Education, youth & sport: Armindo Maia

Finance: Rui Augusto Gomes

Foreign affairs & co-operation: Adaljiza Albertina Xavier Reis Magno

Health: Odete Maria Freitas Belo

Higher education, science & culture: Longuinhos dos Santos

Justice: Manuel Cárceres da Costa

National Liberation combatants' affairs: Júlio Sarmento da Costa

Parliamentary affairs: Francisco Martins da Costa Pereira Jerónimo

Petroleum & minerals: Víctor da Conceição Soares

Presidency of Council of Ministers: Fidelis Manuel Leite Magalhães

Public works: Salvador Soares dos Reis Pires

State administration: Miguel Pereira de Carvalho

Tourism, trade & industry: José Lucas do Carmo da Silva

Transport & communication: José Agustinho da Silva

Central bank governor

Abraão de Vasconcelos

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