Gambia: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Gambia

Official name

Republic of The Gambia

Form of state

Unitary republic

Legal system

Based on English common law; some aspects of traditional law and sharia (Islamic law) also apply

National legislature

National Assembly, introduced in April 2012; 53 members elected by universal suffrage; all serve a five-year term

National elections

December 2016 (presidential) and April 2017 (legislative); next elections due on December 4th 2021 (presidential) and on April 9th 2022 (legislative)

Head of state

President, elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term; no term limit

National government

The president and cabinet; the most recent cabinet reshuffle was in August 2019

Main political parties

United Democratic Party (UDP), the ruling party, which won 31 of the 53 elected seats in the 2017 parliamentary election; Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC; five seats); National Reconciliation Party (NRP; five seats); Gambia Democratic Congress (GDC; five seats); People's Democratic Organisation for Independence and Socialism (PDOIS; four seats); People's Progressive Party (PPP; two seats); and independents (one seat). The president launched a new party, the National People's Party (NPP) on January 30th 2021

Key ministers

President: Adama Barrow

Vice-president: Isatou Touray

Head of the civil service: Muhammed Jallow

Agriculture: Amie Fabureh

Basic & secondary education: Claudiana Cole

Defence: Omar Faye

Energy & petroleum: Fafa Sanyang

Environment, climate change & natural resources: Lamin Dibba

Finance & economic affairs: Mambury Njie

Fisheries & water resources: James Gomez

Foreign affairs: Mamadou Tangara

Health & social welfare: Ahmadou Lamin Samateh

Higher education, research, science & technology: Badara Alieu Joof

Information & communication infrastructure: Ebrima Sillah

Interior: Yankuba Sonko

Justice & attorney-general: Dawda Jallow

Lands & regional government: Musa Drammeh

Tourism: Hamat Bah

Trade, industry, regional integration & employment: Lamin Jobe

Transport, works & infrastructure: Bai Lamin Jobe

Women's affairs: Fatou Kinteh

Youth, sports & culture: Hadrammeh Sidibeh

Central bank governor

Bakary Jammeh

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