Belize: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Belize

Official name

Belize

Form of state

Representative democracy

Head of state

Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a governor-general

The executive

Prime minister, chosen from the majority party in the legislature, heads a cabinet of ministers responsible to the legislature

National legislature

Bicameral National Assembly: 13-member Senate (the upper house), six of whom are appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and one each by the churches, the business community, the trade unions and non-governmental organisations; 31-member House of Representatives (the lower house), comprising directly elected members serving five-year terms

Legal system

UK-style judicial system; the final court of appeal is the Trinidad and Tobago-based Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)

National elections

The last election was on November 11th 2020; the next election is due by February 2026

National government

The People's United Party (PUP) holds 26 of the 31 seats in the lower house

Main political organisations

Government: People's United Party (PUP)

Opposition: United Democratic Party (UDP)

Prime minister; minister of finance, economic development & investment: John Briceño

Deputy prime minister; minister of natural resources, petroleum & mining: Cordel Hyde

Key ministers

Agriculture, food security & enterprise: Abelardo Mai

Attorney-general & national security: Magali Marin-Young

Blue economy & civil aviation: Andre Perez

Education, culture, science & technology: Francis Fonseca

Foreign affairs, foreign trade & immigration: Eamon Courtenay

Health & wellness: Michel Chebat

Home affairs & new growth industries: Kareem Musa

Human development, families, & indigenous peoples' affairs: Dolores Balderamos

Infrastructure, development & housing : Julius Espat

National defence & border security: Florencio Marin

Public service, constitutional & political reform : Henry Usher

Public utilities & logistics: Rodwell Ferguson

Rural transformation, community development, labour & local government: Oscar Requeña

Sustainable development, climate change & disaster risk management: Orlando Habet

Tourism & diaspora relations: Anthony Mahler

Youth, sports & e-governance: Kevin Bernard

Central bank governor

Joy Grant

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