Zimbabwe: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Zimbabwe

Official name

Republic of Zimbabwe

Form of state

Unitary republic

Legal system

Based on Roman-Dutch law and the 1979 constitution

National legislature

National Assembly (the lower house) with 270 members, 210 of whom are directly elected; under the revised 2013 constitution 60 seats are reserved for women; a Senate (the upper house) of 78 members, 60 directly elected, 16 traditional chiefs and two elected to represent people with disabilities

National elections

July 30th 2018 (presidential, legislative and Senate); next elections due in July 2023

Head of state

President, elected by universal suffrage; under the constitution adopted in 2013 a president can serve a maximum of two terms. Robert Mugabe, in power since 1980, was removed in a bloodless coup in November 2017; the new head of state is the former vice-president, Emmerson Mnangagwa

National government

The president and his appointed cabinet; the post of prime minister was abolished in 2013 under the revised constitution

Main political parties

Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), the ruling party since 1980; Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), formed by the trade union movement in September 1999; breakaway MDC movements including the MDC-N and MDC-Renewal; Zimbabwe People First was formed by a former ZANU-PF vice-president, Joice Mujuru, in 2015; a number of smaller parties and independent candidates also contest elections

Key ministers

President: Emmerson Mnangagwa

Defence, security & war veterans: Oppah Muchinguri-Kashiri

Education (primary & secondary): Cain Mathema

Education (tertiary): Amon Murwira

Energy & power development: Fortune Chasi

Environment, climate change, tourism: Nqobizitha Mangaliso Ndlovu

Finance & economic development: Mthuli Ncube

Foreign affairs & international trade: Sibusiso Busi Moyo

Health: Constantino Chiwenga

Home affairs & culture: Kazembe Kazembe

Industry & commerce: Sekai Nzenza

Information, publicity & broadcasting: Monica Mutsvangwa

Information & communications technology: Jenfan Muswere

Justice, legal & parliamentary affairs: Ziyambi Ziyambi

Lands, agriculture & rural resettlement: Perence Shiri

Local government & public works: July Moyo

Mines & mining development: Winston Chitando

Public service, labour & social welfare: Paul Mavima

Transport & infrastructural development: Joel Biggie Matiza

State security: Owen Ncube

Women affairs, community & SME development: Sithembiso Nyoni

Youth, sports, arts & recreation: Kirsty Coventry

Central bank governor

John Mangudya

Data provided by: