Togo: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Togo

Official name

République togolaise

Form of state

Unitary republic

Legal system

Based on the Napoleonic Code and the constitution of the Fourth Republic, promulgated in September 1992 (and amended in December 2002)

National legislature

National Assembly, composed of 91 members of parliament

National elections

February 22nd 2020 (presidential election); December 20th 2018 (legislative election); next presidential election due by February 2025; next legislative election due in 2023

Head of state

President, elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term; the two-term limit was abolished in 2002; Faure Gnassingbé was elected president in April 2005; he was re-elected in March 2010, April 2015 and February 2020

National government

President and his appointed government; the cabinet was last reshuffled in October 2020, when the prime minister was replaced.

Main political parties

The Rassemblement du peuple togolais ruled from 1969 until it was replaced by the Union pour la République (UNIR) in April 2012. The UNIR dominates the political landscape, with 59 seats; the Union des forces de changement (UFC) has four seats; the Mouvement citoyen pour la démocratie et le développement (MCDD) and the Nouvel engagement togolais each have three seats; and the Parti démocratique panafricain (PDA) and the Mouvement des républicains centristes (MRC) each have one seat. The remaining seats are shared between ten independent lists (all seat listings are provisional)

Key ministers

President & defence minister: Faure Gnassingbé

Prime minister: Victoire Tomégah-Dogbé

Agriculture & rural development: Antoine Lekpa Gbegbeni

Basic development, craft industry & youth: Myriam de Souza-D'Almeida

Commerce & industry: Kodjo Adedze

Communications & media: Akoda Eyewadan

Culture & tourism: Kossi Lamadokou

Digital economy: Cina Lawson

Economy & finance: Sani Yaya

Environment & forest resources: Katari Foli-Bazi

Foreign affairs & regional integration: Robert Dussey

Health: Moustafa Mijiyawa

Higher education & research: Ihou Wateba

Human rights & consolidation of democracy: Christian Trimua

Justice & relations with public institutions: Pius Agbetomey

Mines & energy: Mawougno Aziablé

Primary, secondary & technical education: Komla Dodzi Kokoroko

Public works: Zouréhatou Tcha-Kondo

Security & civil protection: Damehane Yark

Territorial administration & decentralisation: Payadowa Boukpessi

Governor of regional central bank (BCEAO)

Tiémoko Meyliet Koné

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