The Slow Death of Japanese Techno-Nationalism? Comparative Lessons for China's Future Defense Production

Christopher W. Hughes
Content Type
Policy Brief
University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC)
Japan's defense production model is often seen as a successful exemplar of "techno-nationalism," especially in the integration of the civilian and military sectors. Hence, Japan's model has been considered as offering possible lessons for China to emulate in the reform of its own defense industry. But Japan's defense production model, despite arguable past successes, is now experiencing what is often referred to by Japanese policymakers and industrialists as a "slow death" as its structural development limitations have been increasingly revealed over the past two decades. Japan's defense production model is encountering three major structural limitations: 1. Stagnation in defense budgets and long-term military demand.2. Flawed and failing procurement practices.3. Obstacles to expanded and more diverse international collaboration.
Defense Policy, Science and Technology, Military Strategy
Political Geography
Japan, China, Asia