Prioritizing Protection from Mass Atrocities: Lessons from Burundi

Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Elana Berger, Naomi Kikoler
Content Type
Working Paper
The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Over the course of the past forty years, waves of interethnic conflict in Burundi have killed hundreds of thousands of people and displaced over a million more. In 1993 the assassination of Melchior Ndadaye, the country's first Hutu president, by paratroopers from Burundi's Tutsi dominated armed forces, set off another round of violence with Hutu militias attacking Tutsi civilians and the armed forces retaliating by attacking Hutu communities. The situation ultimately devolved into a civil war that lasted for more than ten years.
Ethnic Conflict, Genocide, Human Rights, Peacekeeping
Political Geography
Africa, Burundi