South Sudan on the Eve of Independence. Assessing the Viability of the World's Newest State

Author
Berenika Stefanska
Content Type
Policy Brief
Institution
The Polish Institute of International Affairs
Abstract
On 9 July 2011, South Sudan will declare its independence from the Republic of Sudan. The independence comes after 22 years of civil war, which ended in 2005 thanks to an internationally brokered Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The treaty was signed by President Omar al-Bashir and the late John Garang, head of the rebel Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement (SPLM). It included provisions for a referendum in January 2011 in the 10 southern states to determine their political future. People in the south voted overwhelmingly (98.7%) for independence. The result of the referendum was recognised by the northern ruling National Congress Party (NCP). Most countries already have stated their intention to recognise the Republic of South Sudan.
Topic
Development, Natural Resources, Governance, Self Determination
Political Geography
Africa