European Neighbourhood Policy: How to Reconcile EU's Offer with Neighbour's Expectations?

Author
Beata Wojna, Monika Arcipowska
Content Type
Policy Brief
Institution
The Polish Institute of International Affairs
Abstract
Since its launch in 2004, the ENP has succeeded in bringing about a strengthening of economic relations, especially trade, between the EU and its neighbours. However, the political record of the seven-year implementation of this policy is relatively poor. The violent, unprecedented socio-political changes in North Africa and the Middle East, which started in January 2011, revealed weaknesses and problems in the European policy towards its southern neighbours as developed in the framework of the Barcelona Process and the Union for the Mediterranean. Arab spring has shown that the EU support to introduce political reforms and to build and consolidate democracy in the southern neighbouring countries has yielded very limited results. The Eastern Partnership seems to be one of the few positive manifestations of the European Neighbourhood Policy's evolution in recent years but is not free from problems. The most tell-tale sign of the Eastern Partnership's deficiencies is a palpable relapse in democratisation.
Topic
Foreign Policy, Economics, International Trade and Finance, Regional Cooperation
Political Geography
Africa, Europe, Middle East