Perceptions and misperceptions in the EU and Turkey: Stumbling blocks on the road to accession

Peter M.E. Volten(ed.)
Content Type
Working Paper
Centre for European Security Studies
In 1963, Turkey and the European Union (EU) agreed on an Association Treaty. Turkey did not apply for EU membership until 1987 and this formal application was recognised at the EU summit in Helsinki as late as 1999. Political reforms in Turkey started in earnest after the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002, indicating a sincere interest in membership. As a result of these steps, the EU decided in 2004 to start negotiations; these began in 2005. Fairly soon thereafter, however, developments on both sides stalled and relations between the two deteriorated.
Regional Cooperation, Treaties and Agreements
Political Geography
Europe, Turkey