When (And How) Regions Become Peaceful: Explaining Transitions From War To Peace

Author
Benjamin Miller
Content Type
Working Paper
Institution
Centre for International Peace and Security Studies
Abstract
Three important regions have moved from war to peace during the 20th century: South America in the beginning of the century, Western Europe in the middle while the Middle East has begun the move toward the end of the century. Not only did these moves take place in different periods in this century, but they also resulted in completely different types and levels of peace. How can we best explain these transitions and variations? Western Europe moved from a major war-zone to a zone of peace in the years following World War II. South America started the move to regional peace, even if not perfectly, much earlier in the 20th century. However, since the late 1950s Western Europe has reached a much higher level of peace than South America. A vigorous peace process began in the Middle East, in contrast, only in the early 1990s and the peace there is still much more fragile than in the other regions.
Topic
Defense Policy, Diplomacy, Peace Studies
Political Geography
United States, Europe, South America