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  • Author: Bob Deen, Wouter Zweers
  • Publication Date: 01-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Clingendael Netherlands Institute of International Relations
  • Abstract: In early 2021 a new Eastern Partnership (EaP) Summit will take place between the European Union and the six countries in its eastern neighbourhood: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. After over a decade, the ambitious objectives of the EU’s Eastern Partnership policy to deliver ‘stability, security and prosperity’ to the region remain far from reality. Democratization and good governance reforms have been stalled by vested interests in Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova, while Azerbaijan and Belarus have remained outright autocratic, and the latter faces sustained domestic protests. The EaP faces geopolitical pushback by an increasingly assertive Russian Federation and the region is further affected by multiple protracted and ongoing conflicts, including the recent bitter war over Nagorno-Karabakh. But despite its shortcomings, the EaP is not without successes, especially but not only in the economic sphere. The EU has also managed to keep the door open for conversation, spurred lower-level reform and provided civil society support. As such, the EaP has an important role to play in the policy of the Netherlands towards the region, especially in light of recent requests by the Dutch Parliament to formulate an Eastern Europe strategy. But many thorny questions remain in the run-up to the summit. This report assesses three policy dilemmas that need to be considered by the Netherlands and the European Union in order to make the EaP more effective. First, the EU needs to reconcile its geopolitical interests with its normative aspirations. Second, the added value of the EaP’s multilateral track should be deliberated with consideration of the differentiation in bilateral relations with EaP countries. Third, the EU will need to consider how to deal with protracted conflicts, hybrid threats, and other security challenges in the EaP region.
  • Topic: Democratization, Governance, Authoritarianism, Reform, European Union, Partnerships
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Belarus
  • Author: Natalia Spinu
  • Publication Date: 10-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF)
  • Abstract: This report is a two-factor analysis of cybersecurity: the legislative framework, and key national actors in cybersecurity. It describes the main cybersecurity threats in Ukraine and the needs arising from its national security objectives. The present assessment paper describes the normative and legislative framework of the Ukraine, which covers the main aspects of information security and ensures a level of national security of the population, while mentioning the main objectives of the national cybersecurity strategy as well as the main actors and stakeholders in the national cybersecurity.
  • Topic: Security, National Security, Governance, Cybersecurity
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine
  • Author: Marek Dabrowski, Marta Dominguez-Jimenez, Georg Zachmann
  • Publication Date: 06-2020
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Bruegel
  • Abstract: Since the Euromaidan protests (2013-2014), Ukraine has had two presidents and four governments. In a difficult environment of external aggression, they have initiated various reforms aimed at bringing the country closer to the European Union and boosting growth. Progress has been partial and relies on international backing, with limited domestic appetite for reform.
  • Topic: Corruption, Privatization, Foreign Aid, Governance, Reform, European Union, Finance, Macroeconomics
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine
  • Author: Olena Tregub
  • Publication Date: 05-2019
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: United States Institute of Peace
  • Abstract: In the wake of the Euromaidan protests that toppled the government of Viktor Yanukovych in 2014, Ukrainian activists and civil society organizations have pressed hard for anti-corruption reforms and greater openness and transparency in the public sector. Five years later, however, corruption remains a fixture of civic life—and a majority of Ukrainians believe the fight against corruption has been a failure. This new report reviews the changes that have taken place in the anti-corruption movement since the Euromaidan and identifies practical actions the international community can take to support reform efforts in Ukraine.
  • Topic: Security, Corruption, Governance, Reform, Democracy, Rule of Law, Protests, Accountability, Transparency, Justice
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine
  • Author: James Sherr, Kaarel Kullamaa
  • Publication Date: 12-2019
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Centre for Defence and Security - ICDS
  • Abstract: Until recently, the Russian Orthodox Church was a subject that interested few outside expert circles. That dramatically changed in late 2018 when the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople granted autocephaly (independence) to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. The reverberations of this decision — religious, political and geopolitcal — underscore the importance that the Church once again plays in Russian policy. In this report, we consider the role that the Russian Orthodox Church has played as an adjunct to an imperial policy stretching back over many centuries. Today, the Russian Federation has a secular constitution. But as much as in tsarist times, the Church regards itself as one of the pillars of Russia’s political order. As much as in the time of Catherine the Great, it is also a protagonist in its wars of identity and the rewriting of the history of former imperial subjects whose experience of the relationship between church and state is different from Russia’s. This diversity is well brought out in the report’s two case studies, Ukraine and Estonia. In both countries, local Orthodox churches embodied distinctive cultural traditions and values until they felt the full force of Russian control, tsarist and Soviet. Since 2014, Russia’s hybrid war in Ukraine has revived many historical controversies. It also has raised entirely new security concerns about the borderline between faith and politics. These concerns are summarised at the conclusion of the report, which closes with a section on policy recommendations.
  • Topic: Security, Foreign Policy, Defense Policy, Politics, Religion, International Affairs, Governance, Christianity
  • Political Geography: Russia, Europe, Ukraine, Estonia
  • Author: Artur Kovalchuk, Charles Kenny, Mallika Snyder
  • Publication Date: 06-2019
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Global Development
  • Abstract: This paper examines the impact of Ukraine’s ambitious procurement reform on outcomes amongst a set of procurements that used competitive tendering. The ProZorro system placed all of the country’s government procurement online, introduced an auction approach as the default procurement method, and extended transparency. The reform was introduced with a dramatic increase in the proportion of government procurement that was conducted competitively. This paper examines the impact of ProZorro and reform on contracts that were procured competitively both prior to and after the introduction of the new system. It finds some evidence of impact of the new system on increasing the number of bidders, cost savings, and reduced contracting times.
  • Topic: Governance, Reform, Procurement, Contracts
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine, Eastern Europe
  • Publication Date: 03-2018
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication presents proceedings and recommendations from the conference jointly held by DCAF, the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) Institute for Legislation of Ukraine and the CACDS. The Conference focused on the legal framing of parliamentary oversight of the defence industrial complex (production, exportation, procurement) of Ukraine.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy, Governance, Legislation
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine
  • Author: Grażyna Baranowska, Aleksandra Gliszczynska-Grabias
  • Publication Date: 01-2018
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Polish Political Science Yearbook
  • Institution: Polish Political Science Association (PPSA)
  • Abstract: The “right to truth” relates to the obligation of the state to provide information about the circumstances surrounding serious violations of human rights. Despite its increas- ing recognition, the concept raises questions as to its scope and implementation as well as its existence as a free-standing right. Similarly, “memory laws” relate to the way states deal with their past. However, there are certain „memory laws” that, while officially serving as a guarantee for accessing historical truth, lead to its deformation. As a result, an “alterna- tive” truth, based on the will of the legislators, is being imposed. In this article the authors elaborate on the general nature of the new legal phenomenon of the „right to truth”, as a tool of transitional justice, in particular in the context of both providing and abusing historical truth by the legislators, through the instrument of “memory laws”.
  • Topic: History, Governance, Legal Theory , Memory, Truth
  • Political Geography: Russia, Europe, Ukraine, Eastern Europe, Poland
  • Author: William McDermott, Kim Piaget, Lada Sadiković, Mary McFadyen, Riina Turtio, Tamar Pataraia, Aida Alymbaeva, Bogdan Kryklyvenko, Susan Atkins
  • Publication Date: 01-2017
  • Content Type: Case Study
  • Institution: Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF)
  • Abstract: Ombuds institutions for the armed forces are key actors in establishing good governance and implementing democratic controls of the security sector. These institutions are tasked with protecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of armed forces personnel, as well as providing oversight and preventing maladministration of the armed forces. This publication highlights good practices and lessons learned in seven case studies of ombuds institutions for the armed forces from the following OSCE states: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Finland, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, United Kingdom.
  • Topic: Security, Human Rights, Governance, Armed Forces
  • Political Geography: United Kingdom, Europe, Central Asia, Ukraine, Canada, Finland, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, North America, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk, Valeria Lutkovska, Eden Cole, Ben Buckland, Svyatoslav Stetsenko, Kostyantyn Tarasenko, Arsen Ilyin, Oleksandra Matviychuk, Oleksandr Kopanytsia, Graziella Pavone, Will McDermott
  • Publication Date: 01-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication offers the proceedings from Conference 5 on “The role of the ombuds Institutions in security sector governance”. The aim of the conference was to identify a range of priorities and recommendations for Ukraine. Key recommendations include: parliamentary oversight capacity building; improving communication and coordination between the Parliamentary Committees and the Commissioner; improving the implementation of oversight legislation; ensuring oversight is proactive; and oversight actors have the necessary expertise and specialisation in order to deal with the particular issues of the security sector.
  • Topic: Security, Human Rights, Governance, Institutions, Conference
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine, Eastern Europe
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk, Nazli Yildirim, Pavlo Pynzenyk, Oleksandr Lytvynenko, Jaap Frederiks, Barbara Maronkova, Mykhaylo Lopatin, Viktor Musiyaka, Kestutis Lancinskas, Oleksandr Vodyannikov, Andrew Cuthbert, Archl Tsintsadze, Valentyn Petrov, Artem Bidenko, Anatoliy Petrenko, Viktor Plakhuta
  • Publication Date: 10-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication offers the proceedings of Conference 9 on “Accomplishments, Plans and Lessons learned” in the framework of “Monitoring Ukraine’s Security Governance Challenges” project. The 9th conference was the last public event of the two-year project aimed at developing multidimensional opportunities to support reform efforts and assist the development of democratic governance in Ukrainian security sector. The Conference aimed to summarise the project results, as well as make an assessment of SSR achievements in reference to the strategic objectives set three years prior, in order to identify the most problematic areas and to put forward practical solutions.
  • Topic: Security, Civil Society, Governance, Democracy, Media, Institutions
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine, Eastern Europe
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk, Nazli Yildirim Schierkolk
  • Publication Date: 11-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication provides an overview of the key issues discussed and policy recommenda- tions proposed during the series of conferences for the project “Monitoring Ukraine’s Security Governance Challenges”. The project was implemented jointly by DCAF and the Razumkov Centre with the financial support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. This report compiles key issues and recommendations for all 9 conference and is intended to serve as a reference point for future needs assessments, as well as for further consultations with Ukrainian and international stakeholders. The key issues are categorised thematically, rather than by conference, since certain issues were discussed in several events. Each sub-section concludes with respective policy recommendations.
  • Topic: Security, Civil Society, Corruption, International Organization, Governance, Democracy, Media, Legislation, Institutions
  • Political Geography: Geneva, Ukraine, Switzerland, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk, Nazli Yildirim
  • Publication Date: 02-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication offers the proceedings of Conference 6 on Security Sector Governance in Ukraine. The conference focused on defence production, sales and acquisitions. The objective of the event was to identify current reform priorities and challenges in the area of defence production, sale and procurement; to detect weaknesses in oversight structures and to put forward relevant solutions; to review relevant lessons learned and best practices; and to identify capacity development needs.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy, Corruption, Governance, Institutions, Procurement
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Valentyn Badrack
  • Publication Date: 10-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This study seeks to offer an analysis of security aspects of two approaches to the definition of “Decentralisation” currently existing in Ukraine. One is stipulated by the Minsk agreement, particularly Article 11 of A List of Measures to Fulfill the Minsk Agreement, 12.02.2015, and refers to the ‘particular districts of Donetsk and Lugansk oblasts’
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy, Treaties and Agreements, Governance, Policy Implementation, Institutions
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk, Nazli Yildirim
  • Publication Date: 10-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication offers the Key Issues and Policy Recommendations based on the results of the Ninth International Conference “Ukraine’s Security Sector Reform: Accomplishments and Plans”. Ukraine, in challenging circumstances, has made significant achievements in strengthening its national defence capabilities and developing its national security system. This has been possible due to the joint efforts of the Ukrainian government and society, and the unprecedented level of external support provided by Western entities: individual states, governmental and non-governmental organisations alike. The Ninth Conference was the last among a series of events held in the framework of the two-year project, which goals were to develop multi dimensional opportunities to support reform efforts and assist in the development of democratic governance in the Ukrainian security sector. The final event aimed not only to summarise the results of the project, but also to assess Ukraine’s SSR achievements, and also to examine how such achievements align with the strategic objectives of the project; namely, to identify the most problematic reform areas.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy, Government, Governance
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk, Nazli Yildirim
  • Publication Date: 03-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication offers the proceedings of Conference 7 on Security Sector Governance in Ukraine. The conference addressed Ukraine’s Civilian Security Sector: Reforms’ Progress and Challenges. The objectives of this event were to identify current reform priorities and challenges; pinpoint weaknesses in oversight structures and relevant solutions; determine relevant lessons learned and best practices; and define capacity development needs. The Civilian Security Sector in Ukraine embraces a wide range of the national non-military structures including but not limited to law-enforcement and rule of law agencies. Key roles in civil security issues belong to Parliament, civil society and Media, which support and control activities of the Civilian Security Sector.
  • Topic: Security, Governance, Democracy, Institutions
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri
  • Publication Date: 05-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: У цьому дослідженні Женевського центру демократичного контролю над збройними силами (ДКЗС) розглядаються приклади сучасних структур національної гвардії та обґрун- тування доцільності їх утримання. Хоча кожен з них повинен розглядатися індивідуально, однак при цьому може бути отримано важливі уроки для країн, які стикаються з проблемою реформування своїх безпекових структур.
  • Topic: Security, Governance, Law Enforcement, Armed Forces
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Valentyn Badrack
  • Publication Date: 05-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: У цьому виданні пропонується Дослідження 1, виконане Женевським центром демокра- тичного контролю над збройними силами, яке зосереджується на розгляді сучасних варіан- тів обґрунтуваннями доцільності призову. Хоча кожен з них повинен розглядатися окремо, але вони можуть запропонувати корисні уроки для країн, які стикаються зі схожими пробле- мами приймаючи системні рішення щодо реформ у галузі оборони і безпеки.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy, Governance, Armed Forces, Reform
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Philipp H. Fluri, Oleksiy Melnyk
  • Publication Date: 12-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This publication offers the proceedings of the Conference III “Governance and Reform of State Security Services: Best Practices”. Following the findings of the previous two conferences, participants elaborated current challenges related to reforms of the State Security Agencies and r ole of democratic institutions in Ukrainian Security Sector Governance. In addition to identifica- tion of the reform challenges and priorities, one of the main objectives was to propose solutions based on lessons learned and international best practices relevant to Ukrainian realities. This publication offers presentations of the key speakers and selected remarks during Q&A sessions. General assessments, conclusions and proposals are those of the participants and do not necessarily coincide with the positions of DCAF, the Razumkov Centre or the official position of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. Publication was made possible in the framework of the joint DCAF-Razumkov Centre Project “Monitoring Ukraine’s Security Governance Challenges” sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.
  • Topic: Security, Intelligence, National Security, Governance, Legislation, Oversight
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: I. Suslova, Philipp H. Fluri, Valentyn Badrack
  • Publication Date: 12-2017
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Razumkov Centre
  • Abstract: This is a research focused on the Ukrainian context, aimed at providing guidance on existing codes of conduct in the context of the latest efforts to approve such a code in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
  • Topic: Governance, Accountability
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus