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  • Publication Date: 06-2019
  • Content Type: Commentary and Analysis
  • Institution: Oxford Economics
  • Abstract: The entrance of a Chinese state-owned enterprise (SOE) in the transit passenger railcar manufacturing sector disrupts the current private-sector competitive railcar manufacturing sector in the U.S. In this study, Oxford Economics measures the net effects, stemming from this disruption by quantifying the loss to U.S. jobs, income and GDP that result from anti-competitive SOE practices. Even when domestic protective measures, such as 'Buy America' are put in place loss due to the SOE offshoring key apsects of their supply chain quickly accumulates--especially given the size and duration of municipal transit railcar contracts. We estimate that for every $1 billion in new contracts awarded to a Chinese SOE, the U.S. loses between 3,250 and 5,100 jobs.
  • Topic: Hegemony, Employment, State Actors, Manufacturing, Job Creation, Supply Chains, Contracts
  • Political Geography: China, Asia, North America, United States of America
  • Author: Robert Pitman
  • Publication Date: 02-2019
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Natural Resource Governance Institute
  • Abstract: Many of the most important contracts for publicly owned oil, gas and minerals in Mongolia remain secret, despite government promises to make contracts public. A review of publicly available contracts in Mongolia suggests that contracts are unlikely to contain the kinds of information about a project that are commercially sensitive. Likewise, evidence suggests that there is no reason to think that confidentiality clauses prevent disclosure of contracts. Contracting regimes in Mongolia are complex and therefore in many instances, it will be necessary to publish several contracts and associated documents for each project. There are five steps that the government can take to make contracts public: 1) explain the contracting landscape, 2) define the scope of disclosure, 3) establish a contract disclosure rule, 4) make contracts accessible, and 5) support contract use.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Government, Oil, Gas, Journalism, Tax Systems, Mining, Private Sector, Contracts
  • Political Geography: Mongolia, Asia
  • Author: Sebastian Sahla, Hosana Chay, Robert Pitman
  • Publication Date: 05-2019
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Natural Resource Governance Institute
  • Abstract: Contract disclosure is a growing global norm. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) board agreed to require all member governments to disclose the contracts they sign with oil, gas and mining companies beginning in January 2021. Around the world governments, companies and civil society are increasingly advocating for disclosure. In Myanmar, progress has been extremely slow. Despite civil society activists and several major investors supporting reforms, the government has not disclosed any petroleum or mining contracts so far. With new licenses expected to be issued in the petroleum, minerals and gemstone sectors, the Myanmar government should act now to keep pace with a global trend.
  • Topic: Corruption, Natural Resources, Regulation, Negotiation, Legislation, Transparency, Contracts
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan, Mongolia, Asia, Sierra Leone, Mexico, Myanmar, Cameroon