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  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 01-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: New financial structures will soon allow the EU to fund African military operations – including the supply of lethal weaponry – directly, instead of through the African Union. To avoid aggravating conflicts, Brussels should undertake robust risk assessments, constantly monitor its assistance, insist that recipient countries subordinate military efforts to political strategies and preserve African Union oversight.
  • Topic: Security, International Cooperation, Military Strategy, European Union, Peace, Africa Union
  • Political Geography: Africa, Europe
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 01-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: The 2015 nuclear deal enters 2021 clinging to life, having survived the Trump administration’s withdrawal and Iran’s breaches of its commitments. When the Biden administration takes office, Washington and Tehran should move quickly and in parallel to revive the agreement on its original terms.
  • Topic: Arms Control and Proliferation, Diplomacy, Nuclear Weapons, Military Strategy, Denuclearization
  • Political Geography: Iran, Middle East, North America, United States of America
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 01-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: Thirteen years after Kosovo broke away from Serbia, the two countries remain mired in mutual non-recognition, with deleterious effects on both. The parties need to move past technicalities to tackle the main issues at stake: Pristina’s independence and Belgrade’s influence over Kosovo’s Serbian minority.
  • Topic: Diplomacy, Bilateral Relations, Minorities, Conflict
  • Political Geography: Europe, Kosovo, Serbia
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 02-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: Since 2013, when it sent troops to Mali, France has led international efforts to root out Islamist militancy from the Sahel. Yet the jihadist threat has grown. Paris and its partners should reorient their military-centred approach toward helping improve governance in the region.
  • Topic: Terrorism, Military Strategy, Violent Extremism, Political stability, Strategic Stability
  • Political Geography: Europe, France
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 02-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: Ten years after independence, South Sudan is faring poorly, beleaguered by political and socio-economic ills. The civil war’s two main antagonists have an uneasy peace, but others fight on. The country needs a reset rooted in power sharing and devolution of authority from the centre.
  • Topic: Civil War, Political Power Sharing, Leadership, State Building, Independence, Power
  • Political Geography: Africa, South Sudan
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 02-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: A study of social media content shows that Venezuelan opposition figures often take harder anti-government lines if they flee abroad. Exiles’ voices are important, but those trying to end Venezuela’s crisis should listen to others as well, recalling that compromise offers the only peaceful exit.
  • Topic: Mass Media, Leadership, Social Media, Conflict, Peace, Opposition
  • Political Geography: South America, Venezuela
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 02-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: Coca gives Colombian small farmers a stable livelihood but also endangers their lives, as criminals battle over the drug trade and authorities try to shut it down. Bogotá and Washington should abandon their heavy-handed elimination efforts and help growers find alternatives to the hardy plant.
  • Topic: Natural Resources, Violence, Rural, Illegal Trade, Organized Crime, Farming
  • Political Geography: Colombia, South America, North America, United States of America
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 03-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: International efforts to end the war in Yemen are stuck in an outdated two-party paradigm, seeking to mediate between the Huthis and their foes. As it pushes for renewed talks, the UN should broaden the scope to include Yemeni women’s and other civil society groups.
  • Topic: Civil Society, International Cooperation, United Nations, Peacekeeping, Peace
  • Political Geography: Yemen, Persian Gulf
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 04-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: Peace in the Philippines’ majority-Muslim region requires disarming 40,000 ex-rebels and encouraging economic development where they live. But progress toward these goals, together called “normalisation”, is sputtering. Both Manila and the former insurgents need to hit the accelerator lest the process lose momentum entirely.
  • Topic: Religion, Minorities, Ethnicity, Conflict, Peace, Economic Development , Identity
  • Political Geography: Asia, Philippines, Oceania
  • Author: International Crisis Group
  • Publication Date: 05-2021
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: International Crisis Group
  • Abstract: Nigeria’s latest plan for curbing herder-farmer conflict is facing obstacles, including staff and funding shortages as well as political opposition. If this initiative fails, there could be more rural violence. Abuja should work with donors to raise both money and awareness of the scheme’s benefits.
  • Topic: Conflict, Violence, Rural, Farming
  • Political Geography: Africa, Nigeria