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  • Author: Alistair Millar
  • Publication Date: 08-2020
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: The Trump administration was handed a resounding defeat in the United Nations Security Council at the end of last week when it offered a new resolution to indefinitely extend the UN arms embargo on Iran… Not only is the outcome of this vote embarrassing for the United States, it was the first salvo in a dangerous game of brinksmanship that is likely to be the biggest test of the Security Council’s resolve in the 75-year history of the United Nations.
  • Topic: Arms Control and Proliferation, Diplomacy, United Nations, UN Security Council, Donald Trump
  • Political Geography: Iran, Middle East, North America, United States of America
  • Author: David Cortright, George A. Lopez, Linda Gerber-Stellingwerf, Eliot Fackler, Joshua Weaver
  • Publication Date: 10-2010
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: The effectiveness of UN efforts for peace and security depends on the coordination and integration of Security Council sanctions with other UN programs, agencies, and missions. Significant advances in sanctions policymaking have occurred in recent years. These include the shift toward targeted measures, improved procedures for listing and delisting, more precise Security Council resolutions, and the use of panels of experts for monitoring sanctions and arms embargoes. Many challenges remain, however, including misperceptions about how sanctions work, and poor coordination and inadequate information-sharing among member states and within the organization.
  • Topic: Security, United Nations, Peace, UN Security Council
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Eric Rosand, Jason Ipe, Naureen Chowdhury Fink
  • Publication Date: 05-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: Horrific acts of terrorism, such as the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai, underscore the regional nature of the terrorist threat in South Asia, and they highlight the need for greater cooperation within the region to address it. This report explores waysto strengthen such cooperation, with a particular focus on the role that the United Nations can playin this regard. It urges the United Nations to build on the international community's solidarity in the wake of terrorist attacks—such as those recently in Islamabad, Lahore, and Mumbai—to forge stronger engagement between the United Nations and SouthAsia on counterterrorism and within the region itself.
  • Topic: Regional Cooperation, Terrorism, United Nations, Counterinsurgency
  • Political Geography: South Asia, Mumbai, Islamabad, Lahore
  • Author: Eric Rosand
  • Publication Date: 04-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: For much of the period following the attacks of September 2001, the United Nations' response to terrorism was dominated by the UN Security Council, which adopted a number of resolutions imposing a range of counterterrorism-related obligations on all member states. Perhaps the most significant of these is Resolution 1373 (2001),1 which enumerated a detailed list of obligations, such as criminalizing the financing of terrorism, freezing terrorists' assets, denying terrorists safe haven, and bringing terrorists to justice, that all member states must undertake as part of a global counterterrorism campaign, regardless of other, more pressing priorities or the perceived level of the threat. These requirements in turn generated a host of counterterrorism responses at the regional, subregional, and national levels around the globe.
  • Topic: Terrorism, United Nations, Counterinsurgency
  • Author: Alistair Millar
  • Publication Date: 03-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: This report considers civil society's role in monitoring Security System Reform (SSR) and counterterrorism both in policy and in practice. The report argues that civil society engagement, particularly with local actors, is central to ensuring proper civilian oversight and the overall effectiveness of both SSR and counterterrorism efforts and examines how efforts to engage civil society may be improved.
  • Topic: Security, Civil Society, Terrorism, United Nations, Counterinsurgency
  • Author: David Cortright
  • Publication Date: 12-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: The salience of the due process issue varies considerably among states. Concerns are highest among European states that are constitutionally and politically bound to the enforcement of rigorous human rights standards. Many of these states also have concerns about broader UN reform issues related to the representativeness of the Security Council and the legitimacy of its working methods. For other states the controversy over due process reinforces a general skepticism about sanctions, and may serve as an excuse for inaction.
  • Topic: United Nations, Sanctions, Policy Implementation, UN Security Council
  • Political Geography: Europe, Global Focus
  • Author: David Cortright, George A. Lopez, Linda Gerber-Stellingwerf, Eliot Fackler, Sarah Persinger, Joshua Weaver
  • Publication Date: 11-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: International sanctions intended to counter terrorism have been criticized for violating human rights and failing to comply with due process legal standards. Blacklisting practices have impeded the work of certain civil society groups and charities. The resulting controversy has eroded the credibility of UN Security Council counterterrorism sanctions and made it more difficult for some states and regional organizations to comply with these measures. Action is urgently needed to reform current listing and delisting procedures through a strengthening of due process procedures.
  • Topic: Human Rights, United Nations, Sanctions, Counter-terrorism, UN Security Council
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Publication Date: 04-2007
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: Sanctions are a powerful expression of the collective voice and the collective will of the international community. As such, their symbolic impact is undeniable. Their practical impact has been demonstrated in several cases where sanctions have helped to prod conflicting parties towards compromise.
  • Topic: United Nations, Sanctions, Conflict, International Community, UN Security Council
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Alistair Millar, Jason Ipe, George A. Lopez, Tona Boyd, Linda Gerber, David Cortright
  • Publication Date: 09-2005
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: The effectiveness of the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) depends on its ability to keep pace with transformations in the global security environment. When the CTC was established in the wake of the September 2001 terrorist attacks, the primary target was understood to be Al Qaeda and its international network of related terrorist groups. In order to secure its central role and relevance among multilateral counter-terrorism efforts, the CTC must find more creative ways to collect, assess, and disseminate information about current counter-terrorism capacities and to facilitate the provision of needed technical assistance by potential donors in a timely and sustainable manner.
  • Topic: Security, United Nations, Counter-terrorism
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: David Cortright, George A. Lopez, Alistair Millar, Linda Gerber
  • Publication Date: 09-2004
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Fourth Freedom Forum
  • Abstract: The project examines how the CTC and the CTED can more effectively implement the mandates of Security Council Resolutions 1373, 1377, 1456, 1535, and other relevant measures. The project addresses the following specific research topics: financial asset controls; technical assistance to enhance member state implementation capacity; international, regional, and subregional coordination; linkages between counter-terrorism assistance and development aid; and the need to respect human rights while implementing counter-terrorism mandates.
  • Topic: International Cooperation, United Nations, Counter-terrorism, UN Security Council
  • Political Geography: Global Focus