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- Author: Heather A Conley, Matthew Melino
- Publication Date: 08-2019
- Content Type: Working Paper
- Institution: Center for Strategic and International Studies
- Abstract: The Western Balkans have seen positive developments since the war of the 1990s, including European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) accession for some countries. Yet instability continues to affect some nations, particularly Bosnia-Herzegovina. This instability is partly due to the governing structure that emerged from the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords and has led to complete political gridlock, but increasingly stems from a resurgence in ethno-nationalist sentiment across the region. Some neighboring countries (Croatia, Serbia) and more distant ones (Turkey) are directly interfering in Bosnia’s domestic affairs in pursuit of their own ethnic and political interests. Unless domestic actors can stop this negative spiral, the three ethnic communities of Bosnia will increasingly be drawn to the ethnic divisions of the past for support and inspiration and lose hope in a positive future.
- Topic: NATO, Ethnic Conflict, Nationalism, Regional Cooperation, Conflict
- Political Geography: Europe, Balkans, Bosnia and Herzegovina