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  • Author: Chris Kolenda, Chris Rogers
  • Publication Date: 06-2016
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Open Society Foundations
  • Abstract: During the early years of the United States’ involvement in Afghanistan, the U.S. military was killing too many civilians and depriving too many others of basic rights and liberties. By 2008, nearly 40 percent of civilian deaths in Afghanistan resulted from U.S. military operations. The level of “civilian harm”—the military’s term for killing innocent civilians and causing major political, social, and economic disruption—was adversely impacting the United States’ efforts to defeat the Taliban and weakening the legitimacy of the U.S. and Afghan governments. The report, The Strategic Costs of Civilian Harm: Applying Lessons from Afghanistan to Current and Future Conflicts, examines how the U.S. military learned from its early mistakes in Afghanistan and applied lessons to mitigate civilian harm. In fact, starting in 2009, the U.S. military recognized its mistakes and started to understand the high strategic cost of civilian harm. The military’s changes led to a significant reduction in civilian deaths during the next few years. The report argues that the United States should develop a Uniform Policy on Civilian Protection. The new standards would apply to all U.S. military operations in current and future conflicts and, hopefully, better protect civilians caught in conflict.
  • Topic: Human Rights, War, Military Affairs, Military Intervention, Conflict, War on Terror, Civilians, Casualties
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan, United States
  • Publication Date: 10-2010
  • Content Type: Special Report
  • Institution: Open Society Foundations
  • Abstract: "A Timeline of U.S. Military Aid Cooperation with Uzbekistan" tracks U.S.-Uzbek military cooperation from July 1994 to January 2010. Published by the Open Society Foundations, the paper serves as an appendix to the first paper in this series, "U.S. Military Aid to Central Asia 1999-2009: Security Priorities Trump Human Rights and Diplomacy."
  • Topic: Diplomacy, Human Rights, Foreign Aid, Military Affairs
  • Political Geography: United States, Uzbekistan