You searched for: Content Type Research Paper Remove constraint Content Type: Research Paper Publishing Institution Urban Institute Remove constraint Publishing Institution: Urban Institute Topic Gender Issues Remove constraint Topic: Gender Issues
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  • Author: H. Elizabeth Peters, Nan Marie Astone, Ammar A. Malik, Fenohasina Rakotondrazaka Maret, Caroline Heller
  • Publication Date: 10-2016
  • Content Type: Research Paper
  • Institution: Urban Institute
  • Abstract: Besides human rights protection and social welfare improvement, fostering female participation in the economy can stimulate growth with human capital accumulation and enhance the competitiveness of businesses. But women face many barriers to participating in the labor market, particularly in high productivity sectors, due to limited investments in education, time burdens from care responsibilities, legal prohibitions to land ownership, and sexual harassment and violence. We find evidence that improving access to infrastructure and public services, reforms in inheritance laws, family friendly workplace policies, and reduction in levels of violence can significantly improve women’s economic empowerment.
  • Topic: Gender Issues, Labor Issues, Women, International Development, Economic Growth, Cities
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Ammar A. Malik, Hadia Majid, Husnain Fateh, Iromi Perera
  • Publication Date: 01-2016
  • Content Type: Research Paper
  • Institution: Urban Institute
  • Abstract: In rapidly urbanizing developing countries, the prevalence large-scale informality within urban economies increases social vulnerabilities, stifles worker productivity and dampens regional economic growth. With the prospect of better jobs attracting millions into cities each year, rising urban poverty levels are encouraging international nonprofits to allocate greater resources toward urban programs. Our fieldwork in Pakistan reveals that above all else, urban informal workers require improvements in public service delivery, skillset development and collective bargaining capacity. We propose implementing future urban programs through an iterative learning, adaptation and implementation approach allowing nonprofits to leverage greater impact from finite resources.
  • Topic: Gender Issues, Labor Issues, Women, Income Inequality, International Development, Economic Growth, Family, Cities
  • Political Geography: Pakistan, South Asia