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  • Author: Zaur Shiriyev
  • Publication Date: 09-2014
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Baku Dialogues
  • Institution: ADA University
  • Abstract: “Baku Dialogues” is a series of events featuring leading world personalities who will address subjects of current international interest by presenting their views and participating in discussion of these subjects with interested Azerbaijani and international figures. These presentations and discussions, along with other submissions, will be recorded in the “Baku Dialogues”, ADA University’s new journal of record for academic and policy research.
  • Topic: International Security, European Union, Geopolitics, Millennium Development Goals, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Economic Development
  • Political Geography: China, Europe, Middle East, Palestine, Global Focus
  • Author: R. Boyd Johnson
  • Publication Date: 03-2014
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Studies of Changing Societies Journal (SCS)
  • Institution: Studies of Changing Societies Journal (SCS)
  • Abstract: Article examines perceptions of leadership of two different generations of Ukraine using Leadership Practice Inventory (LPI). Leadership practices accepted in certain societies correlate with the dominant culture and reflect its norms and expectations. This quantitative research project focused on adaptation of LPI and testing leadership concepts in Ukraine, a country with an interesting history and unique geopolitical location. The survey results showed peculiarities and differences of Ukrainian leadership perceptions of two different generations.
  • Topic: Geopolitics, Leadership, Values, Case Study
  • Political Geography: Europe, Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: V. V. Nikolenko
  • Publication Date: 03-2014
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Studies of Changing Societies Journal (SCS)
  • Institution: Studies of Changing Societies Journal (SCS)
  • Abstract: The paper presents an attempt to explore several features of interaction between gastronomy and social life using sociological optics (thinking). In particular, it draws a conclusion that gender dimension of gastronomic culture against the social interaction background both in its historical context and nowadays takes quite polyaspect forms of manifestation. Thus, in a society of traditions, gender hierarchization of the meal/table somewhat hindered processes of interaction between men and women during their food practices, cooking processes, which fact to some extent secured the marginal status in society, for women in the first place. These patterns were directly reflected in culinary everyday life and a variety of other gastronomic situations, particularly, during the meal itself. However, gender characteristics of gastronomic culture (feminine) may serve as a "litmus test" to reflect the nature of the state power, including that of a totalitarian regime (according to I. Sokhan). This, in turn, affects the attitude on the part of those in power, expressed through the exercise of their feeding function, to society as a whole. By contrast, we believe that in modern times the most relevant/prominent are other notable characteristics of gender content of gastronomic culture. They are recorded primarily in sustainable cross-cultural peculiarities of selection of a specific menu for for each sex (male/female), which, in turn, is formed under the influence of archetypal social legislation (the term by I. Sokhan) on the one hand, and is sensible to substantial determination of topical social challenges of today on the other.
  • Topic: Gender Issues, Women, Totalitarianism, Socialization
  • Political Geography: Ukraine, Global Focus
  • Author: Tanja Dibou
  • Publication Date: 12-2013
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Studies of Changing Societies Journal (SCS)
  • Institution: Studies of Changing Societies Journal (SCS)
  • Abstract: In the twenty-first century youth activism in society is a certainly interesting, multifaceted and complex research topic. The review of the literature on the theme of youth civic activism have shown that it is higher level of fuzziness in the youth field with the application of concepts 'civic' and 'political'; 'engagement' and 'participation'. Therefore, the key issue of the paper is to explore these concepts. Comprehensive analysis of the concepts offers a more effective way to understand youth civic activism. A focus on the youth involvement in civil society brings to discuss about various forms from 'true' to 'false' forms of activism. Scholars in youth field identify that not every action of young people in society should be seen as the full of value. Additionally to defining the main terms of civic activism, the scholars often flow into long debates about how these terms should be measured. Therefore the paper brings some ways of measurement the level of civic engagement and covers the issues of youth disengagement and finds the answer to the questions: why youth civic activism is important, who can benefit from it? The article is theoretical and youth civic activism will be analyzed through a review of literature.
  • Topic: Education, Political Activism, Youth, Disengagement
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Çiğdem H. Benam
  • Publication Date: 01-2012
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Institution: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Abstract: Soğuk Savaş'ın sona ermesinden sonra, uluslararası sistemde yeni dönemi neyin şekillendireceğinin bilinemediği geçiş sürecini sonlandıran 11 Eylül 2001 saldırılarının üzerinden on yıl geçti. 11 Eylül saldırıları ile başlayan dönemin ve aradan geçen on yılın bir muhasebesini yapmak amacıyla Eleştirel Güvenlik Çalışmaları'nın önemli isimlerinden Ken Booth ve İngiliz Okulu temsilcilerinden Tim Dunn bir araya gelmiş. İki yazarın kuramsal yaklaşımlarının ustalıkla harmanlandığı Terror in Our Times (Çağımızda Terör) başlıklı çalışma, bugünün gittikçe karamsar bir görüntü arz eden ulusal güvenlik ve korumacılık odaklı uygulamalarını bir çerçeveye oturtuyor. Terör, tehdit, güvenlik ve dünya düzeni kavramlarını sorgulayarak, özellikle yaşanan süreçte gittikçe daha fazla ihtiyaç duyulan eleştirel ve alternatif bakış açılarını tartışıyor.
  • Topic: Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Binneh S. Minteh
  • Publication Date: 01-2012
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: The Rest: Journal of Politics and Development
  • Institution: Centre for Strategic Research and Analysis (CESRAN)
  • Abstract: This paper argues that globalization and interdependence has contributed to the “contingent maneuvering” of states with sovereignty from an economic perspective, whilst nuclear non-proliferation, security, survival, and rising nationalism established states as prominent actors on the global stage from a political perspective. The paper proceeds with an Introduction and Background Information of the State in part one. Part two gives a literature review of the state on the global political stage. In part three, the paper theorizes globalization and economic interdependence as the border- less source responsible for the decreasing power of states. Part four ponders how the contentious issues of nuclear proliferation, residual nationalism and non state actors contributed to the erosion of sovereignty for reasons of security and survival. And in part five, I ponder the theoretical implications and give concluding remarks.
  • Topic: Security, Globalization, Nationalism, Sovereignty
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Ashlie Perry
  • Publication Date: 07-2012
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: The Rest: Journal of Politics and Development
  • Institution: Centre for Strategic Research and Analysis (CESRAN)
  • Abstract: It is plausible that terrorism can manifest itself as a form of genocide. Using Raphael Lemkin’s definition of genocide and the UN Genocide Convention’s definition of genocide, non-state and state terrorism are assessed as a form of genocide. Commonalities found in the definitions of both genocide and terrorism supports the argument. The psychology of terrorism and Lemkin’s psychology of genocide describe similar motivations of perpetrators. The September 11th attacks and the U.S. invasion of Iraq are used as case studies to illustrate that terrorism can result in genocide or genocidal acts. Framing acts of terrorism as genocide allows for prosecution in international courts and brings a new perspective to the concept of killing with intent.
  • Topic: Genocide, Terrorism, United Nations, Violence, State Sponsored Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Faruk Yalvaç
  • Publication Date: 05-2011
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Institution: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Abstract: This article discusses the development of the anarchy discourse in international relations theory. It questions the main problematiques around which the discourse of anarchy is organised and asks whether anarchy is still a valid concept to understand international relations. The mainstream IR theory analyses anarchy from an institutional framework, and is based on the assumption that state relations is sufficient to describe and understand anarchy. Post-positivist period have developed diverse criticisms to this conceptualisation. The article evaluates the criticisms of postmodernist, historical sociological, postcolonial and feminist approaches to the concept of anarchy. One of the main theses of this article is that the concept of anarchy can meaningfully be used to analyse international relations only if it is connected to social relations (and more specifically to social relations of capitalism with respect to understanding present international system). Therefore, the approach adopted in this article overlaps with many of the criticisms of anarchy by postmodernism, feminism, but more specifically with recent historical sociological approaches and the postcolonial studies. Another argument of the article is that the anarchy/order opposition can not totally be eradicated unless the social relations sustaining them can be altered.
  • Topic: Political Theory, Socialism/Marxism, Anarchy
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Anna M. Agathangelou, Barış Karaağaç
  • Publication Date: 05-2011
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Institution: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Abstract: Beginning with the epistemological principle, International Relations (IR) critiques “world politics”, we look at the discipline of International Political Economy (IPE) within IR, considering to what extent IPE re-thinks key IR divides. What does IPE mean when the military-industrial complex is a site of power for the accumulation of resources and knowledge production? Can we critically theorize without understanding the international, the military, or the industrial as contested categories? How have critical theories of security and militarization and their racial formations been “globally” and “locally” positioned? Does an assumed segregation of security and property relations preclude making tensions visible in security regimes and among vulture capitalists? This essay foregrounds Turkey and its armed forces as sites of critical inquiry into the key divides of IR: national and international; global and local; the economy and state relations; rationality and bodies. We highlight what is produced as viable within the fields of the current model of global power and collective practices instrumental in changing IPE consensus about global processes and relations to dissent.
  • Topic: International Political Economy, Political Theory, Military Affairs
  • Political Geography: Global Focus
  • Author: Ali Bilgiç
  • Publication Date: 05-2011
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Institution: Uluslararasi Iliskiler
  • Abstract: Th is article will discuss the concept of “security dilemma”, which was conceptualized sixty years ago, but has been enriched and recently re-thought, in three periods. In the first period, the concept was formulated based on the security understanding dominating the Cold War era. The second period is the one during which the concept was enriched in conjunction with emerging problems in world politics and the broadened security understanding in the discipline of International Relations. In the last period, the concept was completely re-thought and fed by new ideas. Among these new ideas, the concept of “trust” was offered as a way of transcending security dilemmas. The re-generated version of “security dilemma” presents a new perspective to understand, study, and re-think what security and insecurity mean in world politics.
  • Topic: International Relations, International Security, Political Theory
  • Political Geography: Global Focus