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  • Author: Rachida Brahim
  • Publication Date: 09-2017
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Cultures & Conflits
  • Institution: Cultures & Conflits
  • Abstract: In the 1970s, French immigration policy was reoriented with the tightening of entry and residency conditions. During that same decade, parallel to actions led by activists of the Movement of Arab Workers (Mouvement des Travailleurs Arabes), Algerian authorities regularly politicized assaults against their citizens on French territory. At a time when the number of Algerian migrants authorized to enter French territory was a subject of sustained debate, finger-pointing racism was used to exert pressure on the French government. This article highlights the discursive practices and operations through which French officials of the Ministry of the Interior tried to demonstrate that such acts of violence were not due to racism. Contrarily, French officials argued that attacks were the result of cohabitation difficulties provoked by the moral traditions and lifestyles of the supposed “North African” culture.
  • Topic: Crime, Migration, Race, History, Border Control, Violence
  • Political Geography: Europe, France
  • Author: Anthony Amicelle
  • Publication Date: 06-2014
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Cultures & Conflits
  • Institution: Cultures & Conflits
  • Abstract: Michel Foucault’s work occupies a special place in the field of criminology. While the author of Discipline and punish has been (dis)credited as a source of division between criminologists or promoted as a legitimizing basis for “another” criminology, he has often been portrayed as a figure of rupture within this research tradition. The present article aims at clarifying this idea of rupture with the foucauldian concept of “illegalisms”. This paper is intended as a reminder of the heuristic value of such a conceptual framework to shed light on the various dynamics between financial crime and social control. To do so, I discuss a number of academic studies on business crime, the social relation to tax and dirty money in order to underline the rich possibilities of the foucauldian reflection for this wide area of research. Ultimately, the articulation of those academic studies helps to better understand the numerous changes in the management of economic and financial illegalisms over past decades in France. Their articulation shows a process of conversion and adaptation of differentiation between illegalisms that (re)produces an inequality of treatment depending on the situations and the categories of population.
  • Topic: Crime, Regulation, Financial Crimes, Criminology, Michel Foucault
  • Political Geography: Europe, France
  • Author: Claudio Zanotelli
  • Publication Date: 09-2005
  • Content Type: Journal Article
  • Journal: Cultures & Conflits
  • Institution: Cultures & Conflits
  • Abstract: This article aims at understanding how homicides are distributed within the social space and the urban territory. The main questioning is to know whether homicides are linked to urban fragmentation and to the socioeconomic differentiations between the districts composing the town of Vitoria in the Brazilian State of Espirito Santo. We analyse homicides as revealing the marginalised populations'regulation. The article also deals with the question of homicide related data gathering and police behaviour.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Crime
  • Political Geography: Europe, France, Brazil, South America