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You searched for: Content Type Commentary and Analysis Remove constraint Content Type: Commentary and Analysis Publishing Institution Urban Institute Remove constraint Publishing Institution: Urban Institute Political Geography Madagascar Remove constraint Political Geography: Madagascar Topic Gender Issues Remove constraint Topic: Gender Issues
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  • Author: Fenohasina Rakotondrazaka Maret, Ammar A. Malik, Nan Marie Astone, H. Elizabeth Peters
  • Publication Date: 11-2016
  • Content Type: Commentary and Analysis
  • Institution: Urban Institute
  • Abstract: Worldwide, only about one in two women work, compared with three in four men. In some low-income countries, such as Zimbabwe and Madagascar, the labor force participation rate for women has reached 90 percent, but these women are often underemployed. Hard economic circumstances often force them to be self-employed or work in small enterprises that are unregulated and unregistered. About 83 percent of all domestic workers in the world are women, most of whom work in precarious conditions. Women also do much more unpaid work than men, including caring for children, the elderly, and people with disabilities; contributing to family farms or businesses; and performing household chores such as collecting water or gathering firewood. Improving women’s livelihoods constitutes basic human rights protection. But could including more women in the labor force also stimulate economic growth, enhance business competitiveness, and improve well-being? We recently conducted a review of evidence to answer that question and found that reducing the gender pay gap and equalizing access to economic opportunities and resources are good for economic, social, and business development. For example, some firms that purposefully reduced gender discrimination and supported family-friendly policies attracted more talented workers, improved retention rates, and decreased employee stress, resulting in enhanced productivity.
  • Topic: Gender Issues, Labor Issues, Women, Economic Development
  • Political Geography: Africa, Zimbabwe, Madagascar