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  • Author: Bridget Leahy, Andrea Stricker
  • Publication Date: 03-2018
  • Content Type: Case Study
  • Institution: Institute for Science and International Security
  • Abstract: On March 5, 2018, the Department of Justice and the U.S. Attorney’s Office in the District of Connecticut announced the guilty pleas of two Pakistani men on one count of violating the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA).1 Between 2012 and 2013, Muhammed Ismail, 67, and Kamran Khan, 38, purchased U.S. goods on the Commerce Control List (CCL) and subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) or EAR-99 status without a license on behalf of listed or sanctioned entities in Pakistan.2 In one instance, they also used the United States as a turntable, or transshipment point, from which to receive goods from Lithuania. Another defendant, Imran Khan, 43, was involved in the scheme and pled guilty to export violations in a separate case. Muhammad Ismail is the father of Kamran and Imran Khan. The three carried out a scheme to use their businesses Kauser Enterprises LLC-USA, Brush Locker Tools, and North Haven Tools of Connecticut, and Kauser Enterprises in Karachi, Pakistan, to fulfill equipment requests sent by an unnamed co-conspirator residing in Pakistan. The defendants used the address of a Connecticut grocery store or one of the defendants’ residence in Littleton, Massachusetts as the stated end destination for the goods, shipped under the name of their companies. Kamran Khan, and perhaps Muhammed Ismail, often resided in Karachi and operated the Kauser Enterprises, Pakistan location. The unnamed co-conspirator worked for his own company or companies and was an illicit procurement agent filling orders on behalf of the Pakistani Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), and the National Institute of Lasers and Optronics (NILOP).
  • Topic: Crime, Law, Illegal Trade
  • Political Geography: Pakistan, South Asia, United States of America