You searched for: Content Type Policy Brief Remove constraint Content Type: Policy Brief Publishing Institution Foreign Policy Research Institute Remove constraint Publishing Institution: Foreign Policy Research Institute Political Geography Arab Countries Remove constraint Political Geography: Arab Countries Topic Post Colonialism Remove constraint Topic: Post Colonialism
- Author: Aaron Rock-Singer
- Publication Date: 11-2015
- Content Type: Policy Brief
- Institution: Foreign Policy Research Institute
- Abstract: Religion was a pillar of pre-modern political identity in the Middle East, arising out of Muslims’ understanding of Islam’s foundational moment and state institutions that developed with the spread of Islamic Empire. Beginning at the turn of the 19th century, European colonial powers and indigenous reformers questioned the centrality of religious identity; instead, it was to be the nation that defined the political community. Since then, the nationalist project has permeated 20th century ideological conflicts in the region, equally shaping the claims of secularists and Islamists. Today, advocates of religious change refer back to early Islamic history as they seek to place religious over national identity, yet they, like their competitors, are unmistakably shaped by the secular nationalist project.
- Topic: Islam, Nationalism, Post Colonialism, Religion
- Political Geography: Middle East, Arab Countries